Thorne Lay Publications July 24, 2019

 

T. Lay is author or co-author of 469 research publications including 1 textbook, 1 monograph, 1 disciplinary book, 1 edited monograph, 336 publications in refereed books and professional journals, and 127 technical reports, book reviews, news items and conference proceedings.  In addition, he is author or co-author on 411+ published abstracts for meeting presentations, and he was content consultant for a book on the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami.

 

Books

 

1.      Lay, T. (1994).  Seismological constraints on the velocity structure and fate of subducting lithospheric slabs: 25 years of progress, Advances in Geophysics, 35, 187pp.  Reprinted as Structure and Fate of Subducting Slabs, Academic Press, 1996.

 

2.      Lay, T., and T. C. Wallace (1995). Modern Global Seismology, Academic Press, San Diego, 521pp. (Also printed in Japanese).

 

3.      Hirose, K., J. Brodholt, T. Lay and D. A. Yuen, eds. (2007). Post-Perovskite: The Last Mantle Phase Transition, American Geophysical Union, Monograph, 174, 287pp.

 

4.      Lusted, M. (2008). The 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, Content consultant, T. Lay, ABDO Publishing Co, Edina, MN, USA, 112pp.

 

5.      Lay, T., R. C. Aster, D. W. Forsyth, B. Romanowicz, R. m. Allen, V. F. Cormier, J. Gomberg, J. A. Hole, G. Masters, D. Schutt, A. Sheehan, J. Tromp, M. E. Wysession (2009), Seismological Grand Challenges in Understanding Earth’s Dynamic Systems, GeoProse, Alexandria, VA, 76 pp. PDF

 

6.      Lay, T., M. L. Bender, S. Carbotte, K. A. Farley, K. M. Larson, T. Lyons, M. Manga, H.-K. Mao, I. P. Montanez, D. R. Montgomery, P. E. Olsen, P. L. Olson, P. L. Wiberg, and D. Zhang (2012). New Research Opportunities in the Earth Sciences at the National Science Foundation, National Research Council, The National Academies Press, Washington, D. C., 117pp. PDF

 

7.       Aster, R., et al. (2015). Future geophysical facilities required to address grand challenges in the Earth Sciences, Community Report to the National Science Foundation, 47 pp. PDF

 

 

Reviewed Publications in Professional Journals and Books

 

1980

 

1.      Lay, T. and H. Kanamori (1980). Earthquake doublets in the Solomon Islands, Phys. Earth Planet. Int., 21, 283-304. PDF

 

1981

 

2.      Lay, T. and H. Kanamori (1981).  An asperity model of large earthquake sequences, in D. W. Simpson and P.G. Richards (eds.) Earthquake Prediction, an International Review, Maurice Ewing Series, IV, 579-592, AGU, Washington, D. C.  PDF

 

3.      Lay, T. and D. V. Helmberger (1981). Body wave amplitude patterns and upper mantle attenuation variations across North America.  Geophys. J. R. Astr. Soc., 66, 691-726. PDF

 

4.      Nataf, H. C., T. Lay, D. L. Anderson and E. A. Okal (1981).  Reassessment of a reported S delay under Trindade, Geophys. Res. Lett., 8, 1027-1030.  PDF

 

1982

 

5.      Lay, T., H. Kanamori and L. Ruff (1982).  The asperity model and the nature of large subduction zone earthquake occurrence, Earthquake Prediction Research, 1, 3-71. PDF

 

6.      Lay, T., J. W. Given and H. Kanamori (1982). Long-period mechanism of the November 8, 1980 Eureka, California earthquake, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 72, 439-456. PDF

 

1983

 

7.      Lay, T. (1983). Localized velocity anomalies in the lower mantle, Geophys. J. R. Astr. Soc., 72, 483-516. PDF

 

8.      Lay, T. and D. V. Helmberger (1983). A shear velocity discontinuity in the lower mantle, Geophys. Res. Lett., 10, 63-66. PDF

 

9.      Lay, T. and D. V. Helmberger (1983).  Body-wave amplitude and travel-time correlations across North America, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 73, 17-30. PDF

 

10.    Lay, T. and T. C. Wallace (1983).  Multiple ScS travel times and attenuation beneath Mexico and Central America, Geophys. Res. Lett., 10, 301-304. PDF

 

11.    Lay, T. and D. V. Helmberger (1983). The shear wave velocity gradient at the base of the mantle, J. Geophys. Res., 88, 8160-8170. PDF

 

12.    Lay, T. and D. V. Helmberger (1983). A lower mantle S wave triplication and the shear velocity structure of D, Geophys. J. R. Astr. Soc., 75, 799-838. PDF

 

13.    Lay, T. and E. Okal (1983)  The Gilbert Islands (Republic of Kiribati) earthquake swarm of 1981-1983, Phys. Earth Planet. Int., 33, 284-303. PDF

 

1984

 

14.    Kanamori, H., J. Given and T. Lay (1984).  Analysis of seismic body waves excited by the Mt. St. Helens eruption of May 18, 1980, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 1856-1866. PDF

 

15.    Lay, T., L. J. Burdick and D. V. Helmberger (1984).  Estimating the yields of the Amchitka tests by waveform intercorrelation, Geophys. J. R. Astr. Soc., 78, 181-208. PDF

 

16.    Burdick, L. J., T. C. Wallace and T. Lay (1984).  Modeling near-field and teleseismic observations for the Amchitka test site, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 4373-4388. PDF

 

17.    Lay, T., D. Helmberger and T. C. Wallace (1984).  The effects of tectonic release on short-period P-waves from NTS explosions, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 74, 1-24. PDF

 

18.    Lay, T., D. V. Helmberger and D. G. Harkrider (1984).  Source models and yield-scaling relations for underground nuclear explosions at Amchitka Island, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 74, 181-200. PDF

 

19.    Zhang, J. and T. Lay (1984).  Investigation of a lower mantle shear wave triplication using a broadband array, Geophys. Res. Lett., 11, 620-623. PDF

 

1985

 

20.    Lay, T. and H. Kanamori (1985).  Geometric effects of global lateral heterogeneity on long-period surface wave propagation, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 605-621. PDF

 

21.    Lay, T. (1985).  Estimating explosion yield by analytical waveform comparison, Geophys. J. R. Astr. Soc., 82, 1-31. PDF

 

22.    Schwartz, S. Y. and T. Lay (1985).  Comparison of long-period surface wave amplitude and phase anomalies for two models of global lateral heterogeneity, Geophys. Res. Lett., 12, 231-234. PDF

 

23.    Lay, T., L. J. Burdick, D. V. Helmberger and C. G. Arvesen (1985).  Estimating seismic yield and defining distinct test sites using complete waveform information, in: The VELA Program: A Twenty-five Year Review of Basic Research, ed. Ann Kerr, Executive Graphic Services, Rosslyn, VA, 597-610. PDF

 

24.    Helmberger, D. V., T. Lay, P. Scott and T. Wallace (1985). Short-period amplitude patterns from Pahute Mesa, tectonic or propagation?, in: The VELA Program: A Twenty-five Year Review of Basic Research, ed. Ann Kerr, Executive Graphic Services, Rosslyn, VA, 286-295. PDF

 

1986

 

25.    Lay, T. and C. J. Young (1986).  The effect of SKS scattering on models of the shear velocity structure of the D region, J. Geophys., 59, 11-15. PDF

 

26.    Wallace, T. C., D. V. Helmberger and T. Lay (1986).  Reply to comments by A. Douglas, J. B. Young, and N. S. Lyman and a Note on the revised moments for Pahute Mesa tectonic release, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 767, 313-318. PDF

 

27.    Burger, R. W., T. Lay, T. C. Wallace and L. J. Burdick (1986).  Evidence of tectonic release in long-period S waves from underground nuclear explosions at the Novaya Zemlya test sites, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 76, 733-755. PDF

 

28.    Lay, T. (1986).  Evidence of a lower mantle shear velocity discontinuity in S and sS phases, Geophys. Res. Lett., 13, 1493-1496. PDF

 

29.    Lay, T. (1986). Geophysics of the core and core-mantle boundary, Introduction to the special issue, Geophys. Res. Lett., 13, 1488. PDF

 

30.    Beck, S. L. and T. Lay (1986).  A test of the lower mantle slab penetration hypothesis using broadband S waves, Geophys. Res. Lett., 13, 1007-1010. PDF

 

31.    Burger, R. W., T. Lay and L. J. Burdick (1986).  Estimating the relative yields of Novaya Zemlya tests by waveform intercorrelation, Geophys. J. R. Astr. Soc., 87, 775-800. PDF

 

32.    Okal, E. A., D. F. Woods and T. Lay (1986).  Intraplate deformation in the Samoa-Gilbert-Ralik area: A prelude to a change of plate boundaries in the Southwest Pacific?, in: Intraplate Deformation, Characteristics, Processes and Causes, Tectonophysics, 132, 69-77. PDF

 

1987

 

33.    Welc, J. and T. Lay (1987). The source rupture process of the great Banda Sea earthquake of November 4, 1963, Phys. Earth Planet. Int., 45, 242-254. PDF

 

34.    Young, C. and T. Lay (1987).  The core-mantle boundary, in: Annual Reviews of Earth and Planetary Science, 15, 25-46. PDF

 

35.    Burger, R. W., T. Lay and L. J. Burdick (1987). Average Q estimates from the Pahute Mesa test site, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 77, 1274-1294. PDF

 

36.    Lay, T. and J. L. Welc (1987).  Analysis of near-source contributions to early P-wave coda for underground explosions: 1. Waveform complexity, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 77, 1017-1040. PDF

 

37.    Lay, T. (1987).  Analysis of near-source contributions to early P-wave coda for underground explosions: 2. Frequency Dependence, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 77, 1252-1273. PDF

 

38.    Lay, T. (1987).  Analysis of near-source contributions to early P-wave coda for underground explosions: 3. Inversion for isotropic scatterers, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 77, 1767-1783. PDF

 

39.    Lay, T. (1987). Structure of the earth: mantle and core, Rev. Geophys., 25, 1161-1167. PDF

 

40.    Schwartz, S. Y. and T. Lay (1987).  Effects of off great circle propagation on the phase of long-period surface waves, Geophys. J. R. Astr. Soc., 91, 143-154. PDF

 

41.    Young, C. J. and T. Lay (1987). Evidence for a shear velocity discontinuity in the lower mantle beneath India and the Indian Ocean, Phys. Earth Planet. Int., 49, 37-53. PDF

 

42.    Young, C. J. and T. Lay (1987).  Comment on "Wave propagation effects and the Earth's structure in the lower mantle", Geophys. Res. Lett., 14, 562-565. PDF

 

1988

 

43.    Lynnes, C. S. and T. Lay (1988).  Analysis of amplitude and travel time anomalies for short-period P-waves from NTS explosions, Geophys. J., 92, 431-443. PDF

 

44.    Lynnes, C. S. and T. Lay (1988). Observations of teleseismic P--wave coda for underground explosions, PAGEOPH, 128, 231-249. PDF

 

45.    Christensen, D. H. and T. Lay (1988). Large earthquakes in the Tonga region associated with subduction of the Louisville Ridge, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 13367-13389. PDF

 

46.    Cohee, B. P. and T. Lay (1988). Modeling teleseismic SV waves from underground explosions with tectonic release: Results for Southern Novaya Zemlya, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 78, 1158-1178. PDF

 

47.    Lynnes, C. S. and T. Lay (1988). Source process of the great 1977 Sumba earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 13407-13420. PDF

 

48.    Burger, R. W., T. Lay and L. J. Burdick (1988). Reply to comments by Der, Bull. Seism. Soc. Amer., 78, 1835-1836. PDF

 

49.    Lay, T. (1988).  The deep roots of continents, News and Views, Nature, 333, 209-210. PDF

 

50.    Lay, T. and T. C. Wallace (1988).  Multiple ScS attenuation and travel times beneath western North America, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 78, 2041-2061. PDF

 

51.    Schwartz, S. Y. and T. Lay (1988).  Analysis of upper mantle P-wave velocity structure beneath N. America and Eastern Europe using P and PP phases, in Fourth EGT Workshop: The upper mantle, eds. G. Nolet and B. Dost, European Science Foundation, 119-127. PDF

 

52.    Astiz, L., T. Lay and H. Kanamori (1988).  Large intermediate depth earthquakes and the subduction process, Phys. Earth Planet. Int., 53, 80-166. PDF

 

1989

 

53.    Lay, T. (1989).  Mantle, Lower: Structure, in Encyclopedia of Geophysics, ed. D. E. James, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York, 770-775. PDF

 

54.    Lay, T., L. Astiz, H. Kanamori and D. H. Christensen (1989). Temporal variation of large intraplate earthquakes in coupled subduction zones, Phys. Earth Planet. Int., 54, 258-312. PDF

 

55.    Young, C. J. and T. Lay (1989). The core shadow zone boundary and lateral variations of the P velocity structure of the lowermost mantle, Phys. Earth Planet. Int., 54, 64-81. PDF

 

56.    Lynnes, C. S. and T. Lay (1989).  Inversion of P coda for isotropic scatterers at the Yucca Flat test site, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 79, 790-804. PDF

 

57.    Zhang, J. and T. Lay (1989).  Duration and depth of faulting of the June 22, 1977 Tonga earthquake, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 79, 51-66. PDF

 

58.    Schwartz, S., T. Lay and L. Ruff (1989).  Source process of the great 1971 Solomon Islands doublet, Phys. Earth Planet. Int., 56, 294-310. PDF

 

59.    Schwartz, S., J. Dewey and T. Lay (1989).  Influence of fault plane heterogeneity on the seismic behavior in the Southern Kurile Islands arc, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 5637-5649. PDF

 

60.    Lay, T. (1989). Structure of the core-mantle transition zone: A chemical and thermal boundary layer, EOS, Trans. Am. Geophys. Un., 70, 49-59. PDF

 

61.    Young, C. J., T. Lay and C. S. Lynnes (1989).  The February 4, 1976 Guatemalan earthquake: a bilateral rupture, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 79, 670-689. PDF

 

62.    Zhang, J. and T. Lay (1989). Measuring complex spectra using multiple filter analysis, Geophys Res. Lett., 16, 259-262. PDF

 

63.    Zhang, J. and T. Lay (1989).  A new method for determining the long-period component of the source time function of large earthquakes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 16, 275-278. PDF

 

64.    Heaton, T. H., D. L. Anderson, W. J. Arabasz, R. Buland, W. L. Ellsworth, S. H. Hartzell, T. Lay and P. Spudich (1989).  National Seismic System Science Plan, U. S. Geological Survey Circular 1031, 1-42. PDF

 

65.    Lay, T. and C. J. Young (1989).  Waveform complexity in teleseismic broadband SH displacements: slab diffractions or deep mantle reflections?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 16, 605-608. PDF

 

66.    Lay, T. (1989).  Of Glasnost, seismology and nuclear testing treaties, LS&A magazine, Univ. of Michigan, 13, 16-19. PDF

 

67.    McNally, K. C., T. Lay, M. Protti-Quesada, G. Valensise, D. Orange and R. S. Anderson (1989).  The October 18 1989 Santa Cruz Mountains (Loma Prieta) earthquake, EOS, Trans. Am. Geophys. Un., 70, 1463-1467. PDF

 

68.    Lay, T. (1989). Problems with the seismic velocity structure at the base of the mantle, Proceedings of the IV International Conference on Solid Earth Geophysics, "A Mission to Planet Earth, IL Cigno Galileo Galilei, Rome, 241-269. PDF

 

1990

 

69.    Lynnes, C. S. and T. Lay (1990). Effects of lateral velocity heterogeneity under the Nevada test site on short-period P-wave amplitudes and travel times, PAGEOPH, 132, 245-267. PDF

 

70.    Zhang, J. and T. Lay (1990).  Effects of centroid location on determination of earthquake mechanisms using long-period surface waves, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 80, 1205-1231. PDF

 

71.    Young, C. J. and T. Lay (1990). Multiple phase analysis of the shear velocity structure in the D region beneath Alaska, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 17385-17402. PDF

 

72.    Zhang, J. and T. Lay (1990). Source parameters of the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake determined from long-period Rayleigh waves, Geophy. Res. Lett., 17, 1195-1198. PDF

 

73.    Lay, T., T. Ahrens, P. Olson, J. Smyth and D. Loper (1990).  Science opportunities in the studies of the Earth's deep interior, Physics Today, October, 44-52.  [Reprinted in Japanese in Parity, 5, 8-18, (1991)]. PDF

 

74.    Lay, T. and C.J. Young (1990). The stably stratified outermost core revisited, Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 2001-2004. PDF

 

1991

 

75.    Lay, T. (1991). The teleseismic manifestation of pP:  Problems and paradoxes, in: Explosion Source Phenomenology, AGU Geophysical Monograph 65, (S. Taylor, H. Patton, P. Richards, eds.), 109-125. PDF

 

76.    Gaherty, J.B., T. Lay and J.E. Vidale (1991). Investigation of deep slab structure using long period S waves, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 16349-1367. PDF

 

77.    Schwartz, S. Y., T. Lay, and S. L. Beck (1991). Shear wave travel time, amplitude, and waveform analysis for earthquakes in the Kurile slab:  constraints on deep slab structure and mantle heterogeneity, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 14445-14460. PDF

 

78.    Lay, T. and C.J. Young (1991). Analysis of seismic SV waves in the core's penumbra, Geophys. Res. Lett., 18(8), 1373-1376. PDF

 

79.    Wallace, T. C., A. Velasco, J. Zhang, and T. Lay (1991).  A broadband seismological investigation of the 1989 Loma Prieta, California earthquake:  Evidence for deep slow slip?, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 81, 1622-1646. PDF

 

80.    Schwartz, S. Y., T. Lay, and S. P. Grand (1991).  Seismic imaging of subducting slab structure: trade-offs with deep path and near-receiver effects, Geophys. Res. Let., 18(7), 1265-1268. PDF

 

81.    Lay, T. (1991).  A matter for resolution, Nature (London) News and Views, 352, 105-106. PDF

 

1992

 

82.    Lay, T. (1992).  Seismology:  Theoretical, Encyclopedia of Earth System Science, Vol 4, 153-173. PDF

 

83.    Lay, T. (1992).  Nuclear testing and seismology, Encyclopedia of Earth System Science, Vol. 3, 333-351. PDF

 

84.    Gaherty, J.B., and T. Lay (1992).  Investigation of laterally heterogeneous shear velocity structure in D beneath Eurasia, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 417-435. PDF

 

85.    Zhang, J., and T. Lay (1992).  The April 5, 1990 Mariana Islands Earthquake and subduction zone stresses, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 72, 99-121. PDF

 

86.    Lay, T., and T. Zhang (1992).  Near-source contributions to teleseismic P waves and P wave coda for underground explosions, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 82, 383-405. PDF

 

87.    Lay, T. (1992).  Wrinkles on the inside, Nature (London) News and Views, 355, 768-769. PDF

 

88.    Velasco, A. A., T. Lay, and J. Zhang (1992).  Improved resolution of earthquake source parameters from long-period surface wave inversion, Phys. Earth Planet. Int., 74, 101-107. PDF

 

1993

 

89.    Zhou, Y., K. C. McNally, and T. Lay (1993).  Analysis of the 1986 Mt. Lewis, California earthquake:  Preshock sequence-Mainshock-Aftershock sequence, Phys. Earth Planet. Int., 75, 267-288. PDF

 

90.    Schwartz, S. Y., and T. Lay (1993).  Complete PP waveform modeling for determining crust and upper mantle structure, Geophys. J. Inter., 112, 210-224. PDF

 

91.    Ammon, C., A. Velasco, and T. Lay (1993).  Rapid estimation of rupture directivity:  Application to the 1992 Landers (Ms=7.4) and Cape Mendocino (Ms=7.2) California Earthquakes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 97-100. PDF

 

92.    Velasco, A. A., T. Lay, and J. Zhang (1993).  Long-period surface wave inversion for source parameters of the October 18, 1989, Loma Prieta earthquake, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 76,43-66. PDF

 

93.    Zhang, Z., and T. Lay (1993).  Investigation of upper mantle discontinuities near northwestern Pacific subduction zones using precursors to sSH, J. Geophys. Res., 98,4389-4405. PDF

 

94.    Jeanloz, R., and T. Lay (1993).  The Earth's core-mantle boundary, Sci. Amer., May, 48-55. PDF

 

95.    Goes, S., A. A. Velasco, S. Y. Schwartz, and T. Lay (1993).  The April 22, 1991, Valle de la Estrella, Costa Rica (Mw=7.7) earthquake and its tectonic implications: a broadband seismic study, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 8127-8142. PDF

 

96.    Ritsema, J., and T. Lay (1993).  Rapid source mechanism determination of large (Mw>5) earthquakes in the western United States, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 1611-1614. PDF

 

97.    Vidale, J. and T. Lay (1993).  Phase boundaries and mantle convection, Science, 261, 1401-1402. PDF

 

1994

 

98.    Velasco, A. A., C. J. Ammon, and T. Lay (1994).  Recent large earthquakes near Cape Mendocino and in the Gorda Plate: Broadband source time functions, fault orientations and rupture complexities, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 711-728. PDF

 

99.    Kuge, K., and T. Lay (1994).  Data-dependent non-double-couple components of shallow earthquake source mechanisms:  Effects of waveform inversion instability, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 9-12. PDF

 

100.  Zhang, T., and T. Lay (1994). Analysis of short-period regional phase path effects associated with topography in Eurasia, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 84, 119-132. PDF

 

101.  Xie, X.-B., and T. Lay (1994).  The excitation of Lg waves by Explosions: A finite-difference investigation, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 84, 324-342. PDF

 

102.  Lay, T., J. Ritsema, C. J. Ammon, and T. Wallace (1994).  Rapid source mechanism analysis of the April 29, 1993 Cataract Creek (Mw = 5.3), Northern Arizona earthquake, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 84, 451-457. PDF

 

103.  Lay, T., C. J. Ammon, A. A. Velasco, J. Ritsema, T. C. Wallace, and H. J. Patton (1994).  Near-real-time seismology: Rapid analysis of earthquake faulting, GSA Today, 4, 129, 132-134. PDF

 

104.  Velasco, A. A., C. J. Ammon, and T. Lay (1994). Empirical Green function deconvolution of broadband surface waves: Rupture directivity of the 1992 Landers, California (Mw = 7.3), earthquake, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 84, 735-750. PDF

 

105.  Lay, T (1994). The fate of descending slabs, Annual Reviews of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 22, 33-61. PDF

 

106.  Lay, T. (1994). Deep earth seismology, Geotimes, 39, 12-15. PDF

 

107.  Kuge, K., and T. Lay (1994).  Systematic non-double-couple components of earthquake mechanisms:  The role of fault zone irregularity, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 15457-15467. PDF

 

108.  Zhang, T., and T. Lay (1994).  Effects of crustal structure under the Barents and Kara Seas on short-period regional wave propagation for Novaya Zemlya explosions:  Empirical relations, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 84, 1132-1147. PDF

 

109.  Ammon, C. J., T. Lay, A. A. Velasco, and J. E. Vidale (1994).  Routine estimation of earthquake source complexity: The October 18, 1992 Colombian earthquake, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 84, 1266-1271. PDF

 

110.  Beckers, J., S. Schwartz, and T. Lay (1994).  The velocity structure of the crust and upper mantle under China from broadband P and PP waveform analysis, Geophys. J. Int., 119, 574-594. PDF

 

111.  Zhang, T., S. Y. Schwartz, and T. Lay (1994).  Multivariate analysis of waveguide effects on short-period regional wave propagation in Eurasia and its application in seismic discrimination, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 21,929-21,945. PDF

 

112. Velasco, A. A., C. J. Ammon, T. Lay, and J. Zhang (1994). Imaging a slow bilateral rupture with broadband seismic waves: The September 2, 1992 Nicaraguan tsunami earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 2629-2632. PDF

 

1995

 

113. Lay, T. (1995). Slab burial grounds, Nature, 374, 115-116. PDF

 

114. Velasco, A. A., C. J. Ammon, and T. Lay (1995). Source time function complexity of the great 1989 Macquarie Ridge earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 3989-4009. PDF

 

115. Xie, X.-B., and T. Lay (1995).  The Log (rms Lg) – Mb scaling law slope, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 85, 834-844. PDF

 

116. Loper, D., and T. Lay (1995).  The core-mantle boundary region, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 6397-6420. PDF

 

117. Ritsema, J., and T. Lay (1995).  Long-period regional wave moment tensor inversion for earthquakes in the western United States, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 9853-9864. PDF

 

118.  Lay, T. (1995).  Seismology of the lower mantle and core-mantle boundary, Rev. of Geophysics, Suppl, 325-328, 1995. PDF

 

119.  Beckers, J., and T. Lay (1995). Very broadband seismic analysis of the 1992 Flores Earthquake (Mw=7.9), J. Geophys. Res., 100, 18179-18193. PDF

 

120.  Ritsema, J., M. T. Hagerty and T. Lay (1995).  Comparison of broadband and short-period seismic waveform stacks:  Implications for upper-mantle discontinuity structure, Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 3151-3154. PDF

 

121.  Zhang, T.-R., and T. Lay (1995). Why the Lg phase does not traverse oceanic crust, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 85, 1665-1678. PDF

 

122.  Lay, T., C. R. Allen, R. Blandford, R. Hamilton, W. J. Hannon, Jr., T. H. Jordan, C. A. Langston, P. G. Richards, B. Romanowicz, T. C. Wallace, Jr. (1995). Seismological Research Requirements for a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, National Research Council, National Academy Press, 80pp. PDF

 

1996

 

123.  Zhang, Y.-S., and T. Lay (1996).  Global surface wave phase velocity variations, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 8415-8436. PDF

 

124.  Xu, Z., S. Schwartz, and T. Lay (1996).  Seismic wave-field observations at a dense, small-aperture array located on a landslide in the Santa Cruz Mountains, California, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 86, 655-669. PDF

 

125.  Zhang, T.-R., T. Lay, S. Y. Schwartz, and W. Walter (1996).  Variation of regional seismic discriminants with surface topographic roughness in the Western United States, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 86, 714-725. PDF

 

126.  Lay, T., and C. J. Young (1996). Imaging scattering structures in the lower mantle by migration of long-period S waves, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 20,023-20,040. PDF

 

127.  Velasco, A. A., C. J. Ammon, T. Lay, and M. Hagerty (1996).  Rupture process of the 1990, Luzon, Philippines (Mw = 7.7) earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 22,419-22,434. PDF

 

128.  Jordan, T. H., F. A. Dahlen, S. M. Day, T. C. Hanks, C. A. Langston, T. Lay, S. A. Levin, S. D. Malone, J. R. Rice, P. G. Somerville, A. M. Trehu (1996).  High Performance Computing in Seismology, National Research Council, National Academy Press, 69pp. PDF

 

129.  Velasco, A. A., T. Lay, and J. Zhang (1996).  Source parameters of the earthquake determined by using long-period seismic waves, U.S.G.S. Professional Paper, 1550-A, A215-A233. PDF

 

130.  Velasco, A. A., T. Lay, and J. Zhang (1996).  Long-period surface-wave observations of the earthquake, U.S.G.S. Professional Paper, 1550-A, A209-A214. PDF

 

1997

 

131.  Garnero, E. J., and T. Lay (1997). Lateral variations in lowermost mantle shear wave anisotropy beneath the north Pacific and Alaska, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 8121-8135. PDF

 

132.  Zhang, J., K. Kuge, T. Lay, and S. Tsuboi (1997).  Determination of earthquake source mechanisms using teleseismic 30-140 s waves:  The January 17, 1994 Northridge Earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 8159-8169. PDF

 

133.  Lay, T., E. J. Garnero, C. J. Young, and J. B. Gaherty (1997).  Scale-lengths of shear velocity heterogeneity at the base of the mantle from S wave differential travel times, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 9887-9909. PDF

 

134.  Lay, T., et al. (1997).  Research Required to Support Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Monitoring, National Research Council, National Academy Press, 244pp. PDF

 

135.  Ritsema, J., E. Garnero and T. Lay (1997).  A strongly negative shear velocity gradient in the lowermost mantle beneath the Pacific, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 20395-20411. PDF

 

136.  Rodgers, A. J., T. Lay, W. R. Walter, and K. M. Mayeda (1997).  A comparison of regional-phase amplitude ratio measurement techniques, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 87, 16113-1621. PDF

 

1998

 

137.  Fan, G., and T. Lay (1998).  Statistical analysis of irregular waveguide influences on regional seismic discriminants in China, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 88, 74--88. PDF

 

138.  Ritsema, J., T. Lay, E. J. Garnero, and H. Benz (1998). Seismic anisotropy in the lowermost mantle beneath the Pacific, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 1229-1232. PDF

 

139. Lay, T., Q. Williams, and E. J. Garnero (1998). The core-mantle boundary layer and deep earth dynamics, Nature, 392, 461-468. PDF

 

140.  Garnero, E. J., J. Revenaugh, Q. Williams, T. Lay and L. H. Kellogg (1998).  Ultralow velocity zone at the core-mantle boundary, in The Core-Mantle Boundary Region, eds. M. Gurnis, M. E. Wysession, E. Knittle, and B. A. Buffett, Geodynamics Series, 28, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 319-334. PDF

 

141.  Lay, T., Q. Williams, E. J. Garnero, L. Kellogg, and M. E. Wysession (1998).  Seismic wave anisotropy in the D region and its implications, in The Core-Mantle Boundary Region, eds. M. Gurnis, M. E. Wysession, E. Knittle, and B. A. Buffett, Geodynamics Series, 28, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 299-318. PDF

 

142.  Wysession, M.E., T. Lay, J. Revenaugh, Q. Williams, E. J. Garnero, R. Jeanloz, and L. Kellogg (1998). The D discontinuity and its implications, in The Core-Mantle Boundary Region, eds. M. Gurnis, M. E. Wysession, E. Knittle, and B. A. Buffett, Geodynamics Series, 28, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 273-297. PDF

 

143.  Garnero, E. J., and T. Lay (1998). Effects of D anisotropy on seismic velocity models of the outermost core, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 2341-2344. PDF

 

144.  Bilek, S. L., and T. Lay (1998). Variation of interplate fault zone properties with depth in the Japan subduction zone, Science, 281, 1175-1178. PDF

 

145.  Bilek, S. L., and T. Lay (1998). Lower mantle heterogeneity beneath Eurasia imaged by parametric migration of shear waves, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 108, 201-218. PDF

 

146.  Zhang, J., K. Kuge, T. Lay, and S. Tsuboi (1998).  Source mechanism of the January 17, 1994, Northridge earthquake from intermediate-period surface waves, Proceedings of the NEHRP Conference and Workshop on Research on the Northridge, California Earthquake of January 17, 1994, Volume II, Earth Sciences, 307-314. PDF

 

147.  Fan, G., and T. Lay (1998).  Regionalized versus single-station waveguide effects on seismic discriminants in western China, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 88, 1260-1274. PDF

 

148.  Russell, S., T. Lay, and E. J. Garnero (1998). Seismic evidence for small-scale dynamics in the lowermost mantle at the root of the Hawaiian hotspot, Nature, 396, 255-258. PDF

 

149.  Lay, T., and Q. Williams (1998).  Dynamics of Earth’s interior, Geotimes, Nov. 1998, 26-30. PDF

 

150.  Fan, G., and T. Lay (1998). Statistical analysis of irregular wave-guide influences on regional seismic discriminants in China:  Additional results for Pn/Sn, Pn/Lg and Pg/Sn, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 88, 1504-1510. PDF

 

1999

 

151.  Rodgers, A. J., W. R. Walter, C. A. Schultz, S. C. Myers, and T. Lay (1999). A comparison of methodologies for representing path effects on regional P/S discriminants, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 89, 394-408. PDF

 

152.  Pankow, K. L., and T. Lay (1999).  Constraints on the Kurile slab from shear wave residual sphere analysis, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 7255-7278. PDF

 

153.  Zhang, Y.-S., and T. Lay (1999). Evolution of oceanic upper mantle structure, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 114, 71-80. PDF

 

154.  Russell, S. A., T. Lay, and E. J. Garnero (1999). Small-scale lateral shear velocity and anisotropy heterogeneity near the core-mantle boundary beneath the Central Pacific imaged using broadband ScS waves, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 13183-13199. PDF

 

155.  Bilek, S. L, and T. Lay (1999).  Rigidity variations with depth along interplate megathrust faults in subduction zones, Nature, 400, 443-446. PDF

 

156.  Bilek, S. L., and T. Lay (1999). Comparison of depth dependent fault zone properties in the Japan Trench and Middle America Trench, in Seismogenic and tsunamigenic processes in shallow subduction zones, eds. J. Sauber and R. Dmowska, Pure Appl. Geophys., 154, 433-456. PDF

 

157.  Carlo, D. L., T. Lay, C. J. Ammon, and J. Zhang (1999). Rupture process of the 1995 Antofagasta subduction earthquake (Mw=8.1), in Seismogenic and tsunamigenic processes in shallow subduction zones, eds. J. Sauber and R. Dmowska, Pure Appl. Geophys., 154, 677-709. PDF

 

2000

 

158.  Bilek, S., and T. Lay (2000). Depth dependent rupture properties in circum-Pacific subduction zones, GeoComplexity and the Physics of Earthquakes, Geophysical Monograph 120, American Geophysical Union, 165-186. PDF

 

159.   Kuo, B.-Y., E. J. Garnero and T. Lay (2000). Tomographic inversion of S-SKS times for shear velocity heterogeneity in D: Degree 12 and hybrid models, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 2813928157. PDF

 

160.  Tanimoto, T., and T. Lay (2000). Mantle dynamics and seismic tomography, Proc. National Acad. Sci., 97, 12409-12410. PDF

 

2001

 

161.  Russell, S. A., C. Reasoner, T. Lay, and J. Revenaugh (2001). Coexisting shear-and compressional-wave seismic velocity discontinuities beneath the central Pacific, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 2281-2284. PDF

 

2002

 

162.      Fan, G., T. Lay and S. Bottone (2002). Path corrections for source discriminants: A case study at two international seismic monitoring stations, PAGEOPH, Pure appl. Geophys., 159, 651-678. PDF

 

163.   Pankow, K. L., Q. Williams, and T. Lay (2002). Using shear wave amplitude patterns to detect metastable olivine in subducted slabs, J. Geophys. Res., 107 (B6), 2108, doi: 10.1029/2001JB000608. PDF

 

164.  Bilek, S. L., and T. Lay (2002). Tsunami earthquakes: Possibly widespread manifestations of frictional conditional stability, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, No. 14, doi: 10.1029/2002GL015215. PDF

 

165.  Pakow, K. L., and T. Lay (2002). Modeling S wave amplitude patterns for events in the Kurile slab using three-dimensional Gaussian beams, J. Geophys. Res., 107 (B8), 2167, doi: 10.1029/2001JB000594. PDF

 

166.  Lay, T. (2002). The Earth’s Interior, Chapter 51 in the International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, (eds. W. H. K. Lee, H. Kanamori, P. C. Jennings, and C. Kisslinger), Academic Press, 829-860 (w/ 38 pages of references on CD rom). PDF REFS.PDF

 

167.  Fan, G., and T. Lay (2002). Characteristics of Lg attenuation in the Tibetan Plateau, J. Geophys. Res., 107, (B10), 2256, doi:10.1029/2001JB000804. PDF

 

168.  Zhang, J., T. Lay, J. Zaslow, and W. R. Walter (2002). Source effects on regional seismic discriminant measurements, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 92, 2926-2945. PDF

 

2003

 

169.  Fan, G., and T. Lay (2003).  Strong Lg wave attenuation in the northern and eastern Tibetan Plateau measured by a two-station/two-event stacking method, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, (10), 10.1029/2002GL016211. PDF

 

170.  Zhang, J., W. R. Walter, T. Lay, and R.-S. Wu (2003). Time-domain pure-state polarization analysis of surface waves traversing California, Pure Appl. Geophys., 160,1447-1478. PDF

        

171.  Fan, G., and T. Lay (2003).  Strong Lg attenuation in the Tibetan Plateau, Bull. Seism. Soc. Amer., 93, 2264-2272. PDF

 

172.  Garnero, E. J., and T. Lay (2003).  D shear velocity heterogeneity, anisotropy and discontinuity structure beneath the Caribbean and Central America, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 140, 219-242. PDF

 

2004

 

173.  Moore, M. M., E. J. Garnero, T. Lay, and Q. Williams (2004).  Shear wave splitting and waveform complexity for lowermost mantle structures with low-velocity lamellae and transverse isotropy, J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 109, B02319, doi:10.1029/2003JB002546. PDF

 

174.  Rokosky, J. M., T. Lay, E. J. Garnero, and S. A. Russell (2004). High resolution investigation of shear-wave anisotropy in D beneath the Cocos plate, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L07605, doi:10.1029/2003GL018902. PDF

 

175.  Butler, R., T. Lay, K. Creager, P. Earle, K. Fischer, J. Gaherty, G. Laske, B. Leith, J. Park, M. Ritzwoller, J. Tromp, and L. Wen. (2004). The global seismic network surpasses its design goal, EOS, 85, No. 23, 225, 228-229. PDF

 

176.  Lay, T., E. J. Garnero and Q. Williams (2004).  Partial melting in a thermo-chemical boundary layer at the base of the mantle, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 146/3-4, 441-467. PDF

 

177.  Lay, T., E. J. Garnero, and S. Russell (2004).  Lateral variation of the D Discontinuity beneath the Cocos Plate, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L15612, doi:10.1029/2004GL020300. PDF

 

178.  Thomas, C., E. J. Garnero, and T. Lay (2004).  High resolution image of lowermost mantle structure under the Cocos Plate, J. Geophys. Res., 109, B08307, doi:10.1029/2004JB003013. PDF

 

179.  Garnero, E. J., M. M. Moore, T. Lay, and M. J. Fouch (2004).  Isotropy or weak vertical transverse isotropy in D beneath the Atlantic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 109, B08308, doi:10.1029/2004JB003004. PDF

 

180.  Lay, T., and S. Y. Schwartz (2004). Comment on “ ‘Coupling’ semantics and science in earthquake research”, EOS, 85 (36), 7 Sept., 3339-340. PDF

 

181.  Bilek, S. L., T. Lay, and L. J. Ruff (2004). Exploring radiated seismic energy and earthquake source duration variations using source time functions from shallow subduction zone earthquakes, J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 109, B09308, doi:10.1029/2004JB003039. PDF

 

182.  Garnero, E. J., V. Maupin, T. Lay and M. J. Fouch (2004).  Variable azimuthal anisotropy in Earth’s lowermost mantle, Science, 306, 259-261. PDF

 

183.  Lay, T., and E. J. Garnero (2004). Core-mantle boundary structures and processes, in The State of the Planet: Frontiers and Challenges in Geophysics (R. S. J. Sparks and C. J. Hawkesworth, editors), Geophysical Monograph Series, 150, IUGG Volume 19, pp. 25-41. PDF

 

2005

 

184.  Lay, T., D. Heinz, M. Ishii, S.-H. Shim, T. Tsuchiya, J. Tsuchiya, R. Wentzcovich, and D. Yuen (2005). Multidisciplinary impact of the lower mantle perovskite phase transition, EOS, 86(1), pp. 1, 5. PDF

 

185.  Park, J., K. Anderson, R. Aster, R. Butler, T. Lay, and D. Simpson (2005). The Global Seismographic Network Records the Great Sumatra-Andaman earthquake, EOS, 86(6), 57, 60-61. PDF

 

186.  Lay, T., H. Kanamori, C. J. Ammon, M. Nettles, S. N. Ward, R. Aster, S. L. Beck, S. L. Bilek, M. R. Brudzinski, R. Butler, H. R. DeShon, G. Ekstrom, K. Satake, and S. Sipkin (2005). The great Sumatra-Andaman earthquake of 26 December  2004, Science, 308, 1127-1133. PDF OLM.PDF

 

187.  Ammon, C. J., C. Ji, H.-K. Thio, D. Robinson, S. Ni, V. Hjorleifsdottir, H. Kanamori, T. Lay, S. Das, D. Helmberger, G. Ichinose, J. Polet, and D. Wald (2005).  Rupture process of the great 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake, Science, 308, 1133-1139. PDF OLM.PDF

 

188.  Hung, S.-H., E. J. Garnero, L.-Y. Chaio, B.-Y. Kuo, and T. Lay (2005). Finite-frequency tomography of D shear velocity heterogeneity beneath the Caribbean, J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 110,  B07305, doi:10.1029/2004JB003373. PDF

 

189.  Maupin, V., E. J. Garnero, T. Lay, and M. J. Fouch (2005). Azimuthal anisotropy in the D layer beneath the Caribbean, J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 110, B08301, doi:10.1029/2004JB003506. PDF

 

190.  Lay, T. (2005). The deep mantle thermo-chemical boundary layer: the putative mantle plume source, in Plates, Plumes and Paradigms, G. R. Foulger, J. H. Natland, D. C. Presnall, and D. L. Anderson, editors, GSA Special Paper 388, pp. 193-205. PDF

 

191.  Jeanloz, R., and T. Lay (2005).  The core-mantle boundary (revised and reprinted), Sci. Amer. Spec. Ed., 15(2), 36-43. PDF

 

192.  Helmberger, D. V., T. Lay, S. Ni, and M. Gurnis (2005).  Deep mantle structure and the post-perovskite phase transition, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 10.10732/pnas.05023504102, 17257-17263. PDF

 

193.  Xie, X.-B., Z. Ge and T. Lay (2005). Investigating explosion source energy partitioning and Lg-wave excitation using a finite-difference plus slowness analysis method, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 95, 2412-2427. PDF

 

194.  Flores, C., and T. Lay (2005).  The trouble with seeing double, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L24305, doi:10.1029/2005GL024366. PDF

 

195.  Lay, T., H. Kanamori, C. J. Ammon, M. Nettles, S. N. Ward, R. Aster, S. L. Beck, S. L. Bilek, M. R. Brudzinski, R. Butler, H. R. DeShon, G. Ekstrom, K. Satake, and S. Sipkin (2005). Reply to Comment on “The great Sumatra-Andaman earthquake of 26 December  2004”, Science, 310, no. 5753, 1431, DOI:10.1126/science.1119662. PDF

 

2006

 

196.  Zheng, Y., and T. Lay (2006). Low Vp/Vs ratios in the crust and upper mantle beneath the Sea of Okhotsk inferred from teleseismic pmP, smP, and smS underside reflections from the Moho, J. Geophys. Res., 111, B01305, doi:10.1029/2005JB003724. PDF

 

197.  Avants, M., T. Lay, and E. J. Garnero (2006). A new probe of ULVZ S-wave velocity structure: Array stacking of ScS waveforms, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L07314, doi:10.1029/2005GL024989. PDF

 

198.  Avants, M., T. Lay, S. A. Russell, and E. J. Garnero (2006). Shear-velocity variation within the D region beneath the Central Pacific, J. Geophys. Res., 111, B05305, doi:10.1029/2004JB003270. PDF

 

199.  Hutko, A. R., T. Lay, E. J. Garnero, and J. Revenaugh (2006). Seismic detection of folded, subducted lithosphere at the core-mantle boundary, Nature, 441, 333-336, doi:10.1038/nature04757. PDF SOM.PDF

 

200.  Ammon, C. J., A. A. Velasco, and T. Lay (2006). Rapid determination of first-order rupture characteristics for large earthquakes using surface waves: The 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 33, L14314, doi:10.1029/2006GL026303. PDF

 

201.  Rokosky, J. M., T. Lay, and E. J. Garnero (2006). Small-scale lateral variations in azimuthally anisotropic D structure beneath the Cocos Plate, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 248, 396-410. PDF SUPP

 

202.  Velasco, A. A., C. J. Ammon, and T. Lay (2006). A search for seismic radiation from late slip for the December 26, 2004 Sumatra-Andaman (Mw = 9.15) earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 33, L18305, doi:10.1029/2006GL027286/. PDF

 

203.  Lay, T., J. Hernlund, E. J. Garnero, and M. S. Thorne (2006). A post-perovskite lens and D heat flux beneath the Central Pacific, Science, 314, 1272-1276. PDF SOM.PDF

 

204.  Ammon, C. J., H. Kanamori, T. Lay, and A. A. Velasco (2006). The 17 July 2006 Java tsunami earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 233, L234308, doi:10.10239/2006GL028005. PDF SUPP

 

205.  Lay, T. (2006). Post-perovskite, McGraw Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology, pp. 250-253, McGraw-Hill, NY. PDF

 

2007

 

206.  Ammon, C. J., and T. Lay (2007), Nuclear test illuminates USArray data quality, EOS, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 88, 37-38. PDF

 

207. Zheng, Y., R.-S. Wu, and T. Lay (2007). Inverting the power spectrum for a heterogeneous medium, Geophys. J. Intern., 168 (3), 1005-1010. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03241.X. PDF

 

208.  Zheng, Y., T. Lay, M. P. Flanagan, and Q. Williams (2007). Pervasive seismic wave reflectivity and metasomatism of the Tonga mantle wedge, Science, 316, 855-859. PDF OLM.PDF

 

209.  Lay, T. (2007). D, Seismic properties, in Encyclopedia of Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism, D. Gubbins and E. Herrero-Bervera (eds.), pp. 151-156, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. PDF

 

210.  Thorne, M. S., T. Lay, E. J. Garnero, G. Jahnke, and H. Igel (2007). Seismic imaging of the laterally varying D region beneath the Cocos Plate, Geophys. J. Int., 170, 635-648, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03279.x. PDF

 

211.  Lay, T., and S. L. Bilek (2007). Anomalous earthquake ruptures at shallow depths on subduction zone megathrusts, in: The Seismogenic Zone of Subduction Thrust Faults, Edited by T. H. Dixon and J. C. Moore, Columbia University Press, New York, pp. 476-511. PDF

 

212.  Garnero, E. J., T. Lay, and A. McNamara (2007). Implications of lower mantle structural heterogeneity for existence and nature of whole mantle plumes, in The Origins of Melting Anomalies: Plates, Plumes, and Planetary Processes, edited by G. R. Foulger and D. M. Jurdy, GSA, 79-101. PDF

 

213.  Lay, T. (2007). 1.18 Deep Earth Structure - Lower Mantle and D, Treatise on Geophysics, Vol. 1 Seismology and Structure of the Earth (B. Romanowicz and A. Dziewonski, Eds.), Elsevier, Amsterdam, 619-654. PDF

 

214.  Hirose, K., J. Brodholt, T. Lay, and D. A. Yuen (2007). An introduction to Post-Perovskite: The Last Mantle Phase Transition, in Post-Perovskite: The Last Mantle Phase Transition, edited by K. Hirose, J. Brodholt, T. Lay and D. A. Yuen, American Geophysical Union, Monograph, 1-7. PDF

 

215.  Lay, T., and E. J. Garnero (2007). Reconciling the post-perovskite phase with seismological observations of lowermost mantle structure, in Post-Perovskite: The Last Mantle Phase Transition, edited by K. Hirose, J. Brodholt, T. Lay, and D. Yuen, American Geophysical Union, Monograph, 129-153. PDF

 

216.  Yang, X., T. Lay, X.-B. Xie, and M. S. Thorne (2007). Geometric spreading of Pn and Sn in a spherical Earth model, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 97, 2053-2065, doi:10.1785/0120070031. PDF

 

2008

 

217.  Lay, T., J. Hernlund, and B. A. Buffett (2008). Core-mantle boundary heat flow, Nature Geosci., 1, 25-32. (invited review). PDF

 

218.  Ammon, C. J., H. Kanamori, and T. Lay (2008). A great earthquake doublet and seismic stress transfer cycles in the Central Kuril Islands, Nature, 451, 561-565. PDF SOM.PDF

 

219.  Lay, T. (2008). Sharpness of the D discontinuity beneath the Cocos Plate: Implications for the perovskite to post-perovskite phase transition, Geophys. Res. Lett., L03304, doi:10.1029/2007GL032465. PDF

 

220.  Ohta, K., K. Hirose, T. Lay, N. Sata and Y. Ohishi (2008). Phase transitions in pyrolite and MORB at lowermost mantle conditions: Implications for a MORB-rich pile above the core-mantle boundary, EPSL, 267, 107-117. PDF SUPP

 

221.  He, Yaofeng, X.-B. Xie and T. Lay (2008). Explosion source energy partitioning and Lg-wave excitation: Contributions of free surface scattering, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 98, 778-792. PDF

 

222.  Hutko, A. R., T. Lay, J. Revenaugh, E. J. Garnero (2008). Anti-correlated seismic velocity anomalies from post-perovskite in the lowermost mantle, Science, 320, 1070-1074.  PDF SOM.pdf

 

223.  Hirose, K., and T. Lay (2008). Discovery of post-perovskite and new views of the core-mantle boundary region, Elements, 4, 183-190. PDF

 

2009

 

224.  Zucca, J. J., W. R. Walter, A. J. Rodgers, P. Richards, M. E. Pasyanos, S. C. Myers, T. Lay, D. Harris, and T. Antoun (2009), The prospect of using three-dimensional Earth models to improve nuclear explosion monitoring and ground motion hazard assessment, Seism. Res. Lett., 80, 31-39. PDF

 

225,  Hutko, A. R., T. Lay, and J. Revenaugh (2009). Localized double-array stacking analysis of PcP beneath the Cocos Plate, Mexico, central Pacific and north Pacific, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 173, 60-74. PDF SUPP.PDF

 

226.  Furlong, K. P., T. Lay, and C. J. Ammon (2009). A great earthquake rupture across a rapidly evolving three-plate boundary, Science, 324, 226-229. PDF  SOM.pdf

 

227.  Forsyth, D. W., T. Lay, R. C. Aster, and B. Romanowicz (2009). Grand challenges for seismology, EOS, 90, 361-362. PDF

 

228.  Lay, T., H. Kanamori, C. J. Ammon, A. R. Hutko, K. Furlong, and L. Rivera (2009). The 2006-2007 Kuril Islands great earthquake sequence, J. Geophys. Res., 114, B113208, doi:10.1029/2008JB006280. PDF

 

2010

 

229.  Lay, T., C. J. Ammon, A. R. Hutko, and H. Kanamori (2010). Effects of kinematic constraints on teleseismic finite-source rupture inversions: Great Peruvian earthquakes of 23 June 2001 and 15 August 2007, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 100, 969-994, doi:10.1785/0120090274. PDF Supp

 

230.  Hirose, K., T. Lay, and D. Yuen (2010). Transport properties of the lower mantle, Introduction to the Special Issue, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 180, 109-110. PDF

 

231.  Lay, T., C. J. Ammon, H. Kanamori, K. D. Koper, O. Sufri, and A. R. Hutko (2010). Teleseismic inversion for rupture process of the 27 February 2010 Chile (Mw 8.8) earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L13301, doi:10.1029/2010GL043379. PDF Suppl. SUPP.HTML

 

232.  Lay, T., C. J. Ammon, H. Kanamori, L. Rivera, K. Koper, and A. R. Hutko (2010).  The 2009 Samoa-Tonga great earthquake triggered doublet, Nature, 466, 964-968, doi:10.1038/nature09214. PDF COVER Suppl.

 

233.  Ammon, C. J., T. Lay, and D. W. Simpson (2010). Great earthquakes and global seismic networks, Seism. Res. Lett., 81, 965-971. PDF

 

2011

 

234.  Avants, M., T. Lay, X.-B. Xie, and X. Yang (2011). Effects of 2D random velocity heterogeneities in the mantle lid and Moho topography on Pn geometric spreading, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 101, 126-140. PDF

 

235. Lay, T. (2011). A Chilean surprise, Nature, 471, 174-175. PDF

 

236.  Lay, T., C. J. Ammon, H. Kanamori, Y. Yamazaki, K. F. Cheung, and A. Hutko (2011). The 25 October 2010 Mentawai tsunami earthquake (Mw 7.8) and the tsunami hazard presented by shallow megathrust ruptures, Geophys. Res. Lett., L13301, doi:10.1029/2010GL046552. PDF SUPP

 

237.  Lay, T. (2011). Mantle D layer, Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics, 2nd Edition, H. K. Gupta, Editor, Vol. 1, 851-857. PDF

 

238. Lay, T., and E. J. Garnero (2011). Deep mantle seismic modeling and imaging, Annual Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., 39, 91-123. PDF

 

239. Ammon, C. J., T. Lay, H. Kanamori, M. Cleveland (2011). A rupture model of the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake, Earth, Planets, and Space, 63(7), doi:10.5047/eps.2011.05.015, 693-696. PDF

 

240. Koper, K. D., A. R. Hutko, T. Lay, C. J. Ammon, and H. Kanamori (2011). Frequency-dependent rupture process of the 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku Earthquake: Comparison of short-period P wave backprojection images and broadband seismic rupture models, Earth, Planets, and Space, 63(7), doi:10.5047/eps.2011.05.026, 599-602. PDF

 

241. Lay, T., C. J. Ammon, H. Kanamori, M. J. Kim, and L. Xue (2011). Outer trench-slope faulting and the 2011 Mw 9.0 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake, Earth, Planets, and Space, 63(7), doi:10.5047/eps.2011.05.006, 713-718. PDF

 

242. Lay, T., C. J. Ammon, H. Kanamori, L. Xue, and M. J. Kim (2011). Possible large near-trench slip during the 2011 Mw 9.0 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake, Earth, Planets, and Space, 63(7), doi:10.5047/eps.2011.05.033, 687-692. PDF

 

243. Lay, T., Y. Yamazaki, C. J. Ammon, K. F. Cheung, and H. Kanamori (2011). The 2011 Mw 9.0 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake: Comparison of deep-water tsunami signals with finite-fault rupture model predictions, Earth, Planets, and Space, 63(7), doi:10.5047/eps.2011.05.030, 797-801. PDF

 

244.  Yue, H., and T. Lay (2011).  Inversion of high-rate (1-sps) GPS data for rupture process of the 11 March 2011 Tohoku earthquake (Mw 9.1), Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L00G09, doi:10.1029/2011GL048700. PDF Suppl.

 

245.  Y. Yamazaki, T. Lay, K. F. Cheung, H. Yue and H. Kanamori (2011). Modeling regional and remote tsunami observations with finite-fault slip models for the 11 March 2011 Tohoku earthquake (Mw 9.0), Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L00G15, doi:10.1029/2011GL049130. PDF

 

246. Koper, K. D., A. R. Hutko, and T. Lay (2011). Along-dip variation of teleseismic short-period radiation from the 11 March 2011 Tohoku Earthquake (Mw 9.0), Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L21309, doi:10.1029/2011GL049689. PDF SUPP.HTML

 

247.  Lay, T., and H. Kanamori (2011). Insights from the great 2011 Japan earthquake, Physics Today, 64, 33-39. Reprinted in Japanese in Parity (2013), 28(2), 14-22. PDF

 

248.  Ye, L., T. Lay, and H. Kanamori (2011). The Sanriku-Oki low seismicity region on the northern margin of the great 2011 Tohoku earthquake rupture, J. Geophys. Res., 117, B02305, doi:10.1029/2011JB008847. PDF

 

2012

 

249. Yamazaki, Y., K. F. Cheung, Z. Kowalik, T. Lay, and G. Pawlak (2012). Chapter 7. NEOWAVE, Proceedings and Results of the 2011 NTHMP Model Benchmarking Workshop, NOAA, Galveston, Tex., Proceedings, Oceans 11. PDF

 

250. Koper, K. D., A. R. Hutko, T. Lay, and O. Sufri (2012). Imaging short-period seismic radiation from the 27 February 2010 Chile (Mw 8.8) earthquake by back-projection of P, PP, and PKIKP waves, J. Geophys. Res., 117, B02308, doi:10.1029/2011Jb008576. PDF SUPP.HTML

 

251.  Lay, T. (2012). Why giant earthquakes keep catching us out, Nature, 483, 149-150. PDF

 

252. Lay, T., H. Kanamori, C. J. Ammon, K. D. Koper, A. R. Hutko, L. Ye, H. Yue, and T. M. Rushing (2012). Depth-varying rupture properties of subduction zone megathrust faults, J. Geophys. Res., 117, B04311, doi:10.1029/2011JB009133. PDF

 

253.  Sufri, O., K. D. Koper, and T. Lay (2012). Along-dip seismic radiation segmentation during the 2007 Mw 8.0 Pisco, Peru earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L08311, doi:10.1029/2012GL051316. PDF SUPP

 

254.  Yamazaki, Y., K. F. Cheung, G. Pawlak, and T. Lay (2012). Surges along the Honolulu coast from the 2011 Tohoku tsunami, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L09604, doi:10.1029/2012GL051624. PDF

 

255.  Ritsema, J., T. Lay, and H. Kanamori (2012). The 2011 Tohoku earthquake, Elements, 8, 183-188. PDF

 

256.  Lay, T., and H. Kanamori (2012). Measured energy in Japan quake, Reply to Letter, Physics Today, 65(7), 10 (2012), doi:10.1063/PT.3.1620. PDF

 

257.  Yue, H., T. Lay, and K. D. Koper (2012). En echelon and orthogonal fault ruptures of the 11 April 2012 great intraplate earthquakes, Nature, 490, 245-249, doi:10.038/nature11492. PDF SUPP.PDF

 

258. Ye, L., T. Lay, and H. Kanamori (2012). Intraplate and interplate faulting interactions during the August 31, 2012 Philippine Trench earthquake (Mw 7.6) sequence, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L24310, doi:10.1029/2012GL054164. PDF SUPP

 

259.  Rushing, T. M., and T. Lay (2012). Analysis of seismic magnitude differentials (mb-Mw) across megathrust faults in the vicinity of recent great earthquakes, Earth, Planets, and Space, 64, 1199-1207. PDF

 

2013

 

260. Todd, E. K., and T. Lay (2013). The 2011 Northern Kermadec earthquake doublet and subduction zone faulting interactions, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 1-13, doi:10.1029/2012JB009711. PDF

 

261. Lay, T, Y. Fujii, E. Geist, K. Koketsu, J. Rubinstein, T. Sagiya, and M. Simons (2013). Introduction to the special issue on the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 103, 1165-1170, doi:10.1785/0120130001. PDF

 

262.  Ye, L., T. Lay, and H. Kanamori (2013). Ground shaking and seismic source spectra for large earthquakes around the megathrust fault offshore of Honshu, Japan, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 103, 1221-1241, doi: 10.1785/0120120115. PDF Supp

 

263.  Yue, H., and T. Lay (2013). Source rupture models for the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Mw 9.0 earthquake from joint inversions of high-rate geodetic and seismic data, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 103, 1242-1255, doi: 10.1785/0120120119. PDF Supp

 

264.  Yamazaki, Y., K. F. Cheung, and T. Lay (2013). Generation mechanism and near-field dynamics of the 2011 Tohoku tsunami, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 103, 1444-1455, doi: 10.1785/0120120103. PDF

 

265.  van der Elst, N. J., E. E. Brodsky, and T. Lay (2013). Precursory remote triggering is absent near the epicenters of impending great earthquakes, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 103, 1522-1540, doi: 10.1785/0120120126. PDF

 

266. Lay, T., Z. Duputel, L. Ye, and H, Kanamori (2013). The December 7, 2012 Japan Trench intraplate doublet (Mw 7.2, 7.1) and interactions between near-trench intraplate thrust and normal faulting, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 220, 73-78, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pepi.2013.04.009. PDF Supp

 

267. Lay, T., L. Ye, H. Kanamori, Y. Yamazaki, K. F. Cheung, K. D. Koper, and K. Kwong (2013). The October 28, 2012 Mw 7.8 Haida Gwaii underthrusting earthquake and tsunami: Slip partitioning along the Queen Charlotte Fault transpressional plate boundary, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 375, 57-70,  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2013.05.005. PDF Supp

 

268. Lay, T., L. Ye, H. Kanamori, Y. Yamazaki, K. F. Cheung, and C. J. Ammon (2013). The February 6, 2013 Mw 8.0 Santa Cruz Islands earthquake and tsunami, Tectonophysics, 608, 1109-1121, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2013.07.001. PDF

 

269. Ye, L., T. Lay, and H. Kanamori (2013). Large earthquake rupture process variations on the Middle America megathrust, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 381,147-155. PDF Supp

 

270.  Ye, L., T. Lay, H. Kanamori, K. D. Koper (2013). Energy release of the 2013 Mw 8.3 Sea of Okhotsk earthquake and deep slab stress heterogeneity, Science, 341, 1380-1384. PDF Supp

 

271. Yue, H., T. Lay, S. Y. Schwartz, L. Rivera, M. Protti, T. H. Dixon, S. Owen, and A. V. Newman (2013). The 5 September 2012 Nicoya, Costa Rica Mw 7.6 earthquake rupture process from joint inversion of high-rate GPS, strong-motion, and teleseismic P wave data and its relationship to adjacent plate boundary interface properties, J. Geophys. Res., 118, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50379. PDF

 

272. Yue, H., T. Lay, F. T. Freymueller, K. Ding, L. Rivera, N. A. Ruppert, and K. D. Koper (2013). Supershear rupture of the 5 January 2013 Craig, Alaska (Mw 7.5) earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 118, doi:10.1002/2013JB010594, 118, 5903-5919. PDF  SUPP

 

 

2014

 

273. Brodsky, E. E., and T. Lay (2014). Recognizing foreshocks from the 1 April 2014 Chile earthquake, Science, 344, 700-702, doi:10.1126/science.1255202. PDF

 

274. Lay, T., Yue, H., E. E. Brodsky, and C. An (2014). The 1 April 2014 Iquique, Chile Mw 8.1 earthquake rupture sequence, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL060238. PDF SUPP

 

275. Ye, L., T. Lay, K. D. Koper, R. Smalley, L. Rivera, M. G. Bevis, A. F. Zakrajsek, and F. N. Teferle (2014). Complementary slip distributions of the August 4, 2003 Mw 7.6 and November 17, 2013 Mw 7.8 South Scotia Ridge earthquakes, Earth Planet Sci. Lett., 401, 215-226. PDF SUPP

 

276. Yue, H., T. Lay, L. Rivera, Y. Bai, Y. Yamazaki, K. F. Cheung, E. M. Hill, K. Sieh, W. Kongko, and A. Muhari (2014). Rupture process of the 2010 Mw 7.8 Mentawai tsunami earthquake from joint inversions of near-field hr-GPS and teleseismic body wave recordings constrained by tsunami observations, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 5574-5593, doi: 10.1002/2014JB011082. PDF SUPP

 

277. Shim, S.-H., and T. Lay (2014). Post-perovskite at ten, Nature Geosci., 7, 621-623. PDF

 

278. Ye, L., T .Lay and H. Kanamori (2014). The 23 June 2014 Mw 7.9 Rat Islands archipelago, Alaska, intermediate depth earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 6389-6395, doi:10.1002/2014GL061153. PDF

 

279. Yue, H., T. Lay, L. Rivera, C. An, C. Vigny, X. Tong, and J. C. Báez Soto (2014). Localized fault slip to the trench in the 2010 Maule, Chile Mw 8.8 earthquake from joint inversion of high-rate GPS, teleseismic body waves, InSAR, campaign GPS, and tsunami observations, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 7786-7804, doi:10.1002/2014JB011340. PDF

 

280. Bai, Y., K. F. Cheung, Y. Yamazaki, T. Lay, and L. Ye (2014), Tsunami surges around the Hawaiian Islands from the 1 April 2014 North Chile Mw 8.1 earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 8512-8521, doi:10.1002/2014GL061686. PDF

 

281. Cleveland, K. M., C. J. Ammon, and T. Lay (2014). Large earthquake processes in the northern Vanuatu subduction zone, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 8866-8883, doi:10.1002/2014JB011289. PDF SUPP

 

 

2015

 

282. Lay, T. (2015). The surge of great earthquakes from 2004 to 2014, Earth and Planetary Sci. Lett., Invited Frontiers Paper, 409, 133-146. PDF

 

283. Zheng, Y., F. Nimmo, and T. Lay (2015). Seismological implications of a lithospheric low seismic velocity zone in Mars, Phys. Earth and Planet Inter., 240, 132-141, doi:10.1016/j.pepi.2014.10.004. PDF

 

284. Yue, H., T. Lay, L. Li, Y. Yamazaki, K. F. Cheung, L. Rivera, E. M. Hill, K. Sieh, W. Kongko, and A. Muhari (2015). Validation of linearity assumptions for using tsunami waveforms in joint inversion of kinematic rupture models: Application to the 2010 Mentawai Mw 7.8 tsunami earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 120, 1728-1747, doi:10.1002/2014JB011721. PDF

 

285.  Hill, E. M., H. Yue, S. Barbot, T. Lay, P. Tapponnier, I. Hermawan, J. Hubbard, P. Banerjee, L. Feng, D. Natawidjaja, and K. Sieh (2015).  The 2012 Mw 8.6 Wharton Basin sequence: A cascade of great earthquakes generated by near-orthogonal, young, oceanic-mantle faults, J. Geophys. Res., 120, doi:10.1002/2014JB011703. PDF

 

286.   Lay, T. (2015). Deep Earth Structure: Lower Mantle and D, In: Gerald Schubert (Editor-in-Chief) Treatise on Geophysics, 2nd edition, Volume 1, Article 1.22, Oxford, Elsevier, 683-723. PDF

 

287.   Hirose, K., R. M. Wentzcovitch, D. A. Yuen, and T. Lay (2015). Mineralogy of the deep mantle – The post-perovskite phase and its geophysical significance, In: Gerald Schubert (Editor-in-Chief) Treatise on Geophysics, 2nd edition, Volume 2, Article 2.05, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 85-115. PDF

 

288. He, X., S. Ni, L. Ye, T. Lay, Q. Liu, and K. D. Koper (2015). Rapid seismological quantification of source parameters of the 25 April 2015 Nepal earthquake, Seism. Res. Lett., 86, 1568-1577, doi:10.1785/0220150131. PDF

 

289. Meng, Q., D. S. Heeszel, L. Ye, T. Lay, D. A. Wiens, M. Jia, and P. R. Cummins (2015). The 3 May 2006 (MW 8.0) and 19 March 2009 (MW 7.6) Tonga earthquakes: Intraslab compressional faulting below the megathrust, J. Geophys. Res., 120, 6297-6316, doi:10.1002/2015JB012242. PDF

 

 

2016

 

290. Ye, L., T. Lay, Z. Zhan, H. Kanamori, J.-L. Hao (2016). The isolated ~680 km deep 30 May 2015 MW 7.9 Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands earthquake, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 433, 169-179, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2015.10.049. PDF

 

291. Ye, L., T. Lay, H. Kanamori, and K. D. Koper (2016). Rapidly estimated seismic source parameters for the 16 September 2015 Illapel, Chile MW 8.3 earthquake, Pure Appl. Geophys., 173(2), 321-332, doi:10.1007/s00024-015-1202-y. PDF

 

292. Ye, L., T. Lay, H. Kanamori, and L. Rivera (2016). Rupture characteristics of major and great (Mw ≥ 7.0) megathrust earthquakes from 1990 to 2015: 1. Source parameter scaling relationships, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 121, doi:10.1002/2015JB012426. PDF Supp1 Supp2 Supp3

 

293. Ye, L., T. Lay, H. Kanamori, and L. Rivera (2016). Rupture characteristics of major and great (Mw ≥ 7.0) megathrust earthquakes from 1990 to 2015: 2. Depth dependence, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 121, doi:10.1002/2015JB012427. PDF Supp1 Supp2

 

294. Ye, L., T. Lay, H. Kanamori, J. T. Freymueller, and L. Rivera (2016). Joint inversion of high-rate GPS and teleseismic observations for rupture process of the 23 June 2014 (MW 7.9) Rat Islands archipelago, Alaska, intermediate depth earthquake, in Plate Boundaries and Natural Hazards, editors J. C. Duarte and W. P. Schellart, American Geophysical Union Monograph 219, pp. 149-166. PDF

 

295. Lorito, S., F. Romano, and T. Lay (2016). Tsunamigenic major and great earthquakes (2004-2013): Source processes inverted from seismic, geodetic, and sea-level data, R. A. Meyers (ed.), Encylopedia of Complexity and System Science, Springer Science+Business Media, New York, pp. 1-52, doi:10.1007/978-3-642-27737-5_641-1. PDF

 

296. Mai, P. M., P. Shearer, J.-P. Ampuero, and T. Lay (2016). Standards for documenting finite-fault earthquake rupture models, Seism. Res. Lett., 87(3), 712-718, doi:10.1785/0220150204. PDF

 

297. Li, L., T. Lay, K. F. Cheung, and L. Ye (2016). Joint modeling of teleseismic and tsunami wave observations to constrain the 16 September 2015 Illapel, Chile, MW 8.3 earthquake rupture process, Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 4303-4312, doi:10.1002/2016GL068674. PDF

 

298. Catlos, E. J., A. M. Friedrich, T. Lay, J. Elliott, S. Carena, B. N. Upreti, P. DeCelles, B. Tucker, and R. Bendick (2016). Nepal at risk: Interdisciplinary lessons learned from the April 2015 Nepal (Gorkha) earthquake and future concerns, GSA Today, 26(6), 42-43, doi:10.1130/GSATG278GW.1. PDF

 

299. Lay, T. (2016). Great Earthquakes on Plate Boundaries, in Oxford Research Encyclopedia, Natural Hazard Science, 34 pp. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780199389407.013.32. PDF

 

300.  Ye, L., T. Lay, H. Kanamori, Z. Zhan, and Z. Duputel (2016). Diverse rupture processes in the 2015 Peru deep earthquake doublet, Science Advances, e1 600581, 24 June 2016, 9pp. PDF

 

301. Lay, T., L. Li, and K. F. Cheung (2016). Modeling tsunami observations to evaluate a proposed late tsunami earthquake stage for the 16 September 2015 Illapel, Chile, MW 8.3 earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43(15), 7902-7912, doi:10.1002/2016GL070002. PDF SUPP

 

302. Lay, T., L. Ye, C. J. Ammon, A. Dunham, and K. D. Koper (2016). The 2 March 2016 Wharton Basin MW 7.8 earthquake: High stress drop north-south rupture in the diffuse oceanic deformation zone between the Indian and Australian plates, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43(15), 7937-7945, doi:10.1002/2016GL069931. PDF SUPP

 

303. Ye, L., H. Kanamori, J.-P. Avouac, L. Li, K. F. Cheung, and T. Lay (2016). The 16 April 2016, MW 7.8 (MS 7.5) Ecuador earthquake: A quasi-repeat of the 1942 MS 7.5 earthquake and partial re-rupture of the 1906 MS 8.6 Colombia-Ecuador earthquake, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2016.09.006. PDF SUPP

 

 

304. Li, L., K. F. Cheung, H. Yue, T. Lay and Y. Bai (2016). Effects of dispersion in tsunami Green’s functions and implications for joint inversion with seismic and geodetic data: A case study of the 2010 Mentawai MW 7.8 earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 11,182-11,191, doi:10.1002/2016GL070970. PDF

 

305. Wetzler, N., E. Brodsky, and T. Lay (2016). Regional and stress drop effects on aftershock productivity of large megathrust earthquakes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 12,012-12,020, doi:10.1002/2016GL071104. PDF

 

306. Ye, L., H. Kanamori, J.-P. Avouac, L. Li, K. F. Cheung, and T. Lay (2016). Corrigendum to “The 16 April 2016, MW 7.8 (MS 7.5) Ecuador earthquake: A quasi-repeat of the 1942 MS 7.5 earthquake and partial re-rupture of the 1906 MS 8.6 Colombia-Ecuador earthquake”, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 454, 248-258, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2016.11.015. PDF

 

307. Lay, T., L. Ye, K. D. Koper, and H. Kanamori (2016). Assessment of teleseismically-determined source parameters for the April 25, 2015 MW 7.9 Gorkha, Nepal earthquake and the May 12, 2015 MW 7.2 aftershock, Tectonophys., 714-715, 4-20, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2016.05.023. PDF SUPP

 

2017

 

308. Xie, X.-B., and T. Lay (2017). Frequency-dependent effects of 2D random velocity heterogeneities in the mantle lid on Pn geometric spreading, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 107, 482-488, doi:10.1785/0120160186. PDF

 

309.  Xie, X.-B., and T. Lay (2017). Effects of laterally varying mantle lid velocity gradient and crustal thickness on Pn geometric spreading with application to the North Korean test site, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 107, 22-33, doi:10.1785/0120160203. PDF

 

310. Lay, T., L. Ye, C. J. Ammon, and H. Kanamori (2017). Intraslab rupture triggering megathrust rupture co-seismically in the December 17, 2016 Solomon Islands Mw 7.9 earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 1286-1292, doi:10.1002/2017GL072539. PDF SUPP

 

311. Chaves, E. J., L. Duboeuf, S. Y. Schwartz, T. Lay and J. Kintner (2017). Aftershocks of the 2012 MW 7.6 Nicoya, Costa Rica, earthquake and mechanics of the plate interface, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 107(3), 1227-1239, PDF, https://doi.org/10.1785/0120160283.

 

312. Bai, Y., T. Lay, K. F. Cheung, and L. Ye (2017), Two regions of seafloor deformation generated the tsunami for the 13 November 2016, Kaikoura, New Zealand earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 6597-6606, PDF, SUPP, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL073717.

 

313. Wetzler, N., T. Lay, E. E. Brodsky, and H. Kanamori (2017), Rupture-depth-varying seismicity patterns for major and great (MW ≥ 7.0) megathrust earthquakes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 9663-9671, PDF, Supp1, Supp2, Supp3, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL074573.

 

314.  Ye, L., T. Lay, Y. Bai, K. F. Cheung, and H. Kanamori (2017), The 2017 Mw 8.2 Chiapas, Mexico, earthquake: Energetic slab detachment, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 11,824-11,832, PDF, Supp,  https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL076085.

 

315. Lay, T., L. Ye, Y. Bai, K. F. Cheung, H. Kanamori, J. Freymueller, G. M. Steblov, and M. G. Kogan (2017), Rupture along 400 km of the Bering Fracture Zone in the Komandorsky Islands Earthquake (MW 7.8) of 17 July 2017, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 12,161-12,169. PDF, Supp,  https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL076148.

 

2018

 

 

316. Yamazaki, Y., K. F. Cheung, and T. Lay (2018). A self-consistent fault slip model for the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami, J. Geophys. Res.: Solid Earth, 123, 1435-1458, PDF, Supp1, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JB014749.

 

317. Wetzler, N., T. Lay, E. E. Brodsky, and H. Kanamori (2018), Systematic deficiency of aftershocks in areas of high coseismic slip for large subduction zone earthquakes, Science Advances, 4:eaao3225. PDF, Supp, Supp.S1, Supp.S4

 

318. Lay, T. (2018), A review of the rupture characteristics of the 2011 Tohoku-oki MW 9.1 earthquake, Tectonophysics, 733, 4-36, PDF, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2017.09.022.

 

319. Ye, L., H. Kanamori, and T. Lay (2018), Global variations of large megathrust earthquake rupture characterstics, Science Advances, 4:eaao4915. PDF, Supp

 

320. Bilek, S. L., and T. Lay (2018), Subduction zone megathrust earthquakes, GEOSPHERE, 14(4), 1468-1500, PDF, https://doi.org/10.1130/GES01608.1.

 

321. Liu, C., T. Lay, and X. Xiong (2018), Rupture in the 4 May 2018 MW 6.9 earthquake seaward of the Kilauea East Rift Zone fissure eruption in Hawaii, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 9508-9515, PDF, Supp. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL079349.

 

322. Lay, T., L. Ye, Y. Bai, K. F. Cheung, and H. Kanamori (2018), The 2018 MW 7.9 Gulf of Alaska earthquake: Multiple fault rupture in the Pacific plate, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 9542-9551, PDF, Supp. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL079813.

 

323. Chaves, E. J., T. Lay, and D. P. Voytan (2018), Yield estimate (230 kt) for a Mueller-Murphy model of the 3 September 2017, North Korean nuclear test (mbNEIC = 6.3) from teleseismic broadband P waves assuming extensive near-source damage, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 10,314-10,322, PDF, Supp. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL079343.

 

324. Lay, T., L. Ye, H. Kanamori, and K. Satake (2018), Constraining the dip of shallow, shallowly-dipping thrust events using long period Love wave radiation patterns: Applications to the 25 October 2010 Mentawai, Indonesia and 4 May 2018 Hawaii Island Earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 10,342-10,349, PDF, Supp.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL080042.

 

325. Bai, Y., L. Ye, Y. Yamazaki, T. Lay, and K. F. Cheung (2018), The 4 May 2018 MW 6.9 Hawaii Island earthquake and implications for tsunami hazards, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 11,040-11,049, PDF, Supp. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL079742.

 

2019

 

326. Lay, T. (2019), Reactivation of oceanic fracture zones in intraplate earthquakes? Ch. 4, in Transform Plate Boundaries and Fracture Zones, ed. J. C. Duarte, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 89-104, PDF, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-812064-4.00004-9.

 

327. Lay, T. (2019), Rupture process of the 2008 Wenchuan, China, earthquake: A review, Ch. 2 in Earthquake and Disaster Risk: Decade Retrospective of the Wenchuan Earthquake, ed. Y.-G. Li, Higher Education Press, Springer, Singapore, pp 31-67. PDF

 

328. Schweitzer, J., and T. Lay (2019), IASPEI: its origins and the promotion of global seismology, History of Geo- and Space-Sciences, 10, 173-180, PDF. https://doiorg/10.5194/hgss-10-173-2019.

 

329. Liu, C., T. Lay, Z. Xie, and X. Xiong (2019), Intraslab deformation in the 30 November 2018 Anchorage, Alaska MW 7.1 earthquake, Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 2449-2457, PDF, Supp. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL082041.

 

330. Voytan, D. P., T. Lay, E.  J. Chaves, and J. T. Ohman (2019), Yield estimates for the six North Korean nuclear tests from teleseismic P wave modeling and intercorrelation of P and Pn recordings, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 124, 4916-4939, PDF, Supp. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JB017418.

 

331. Lay, T., and A. Rhode (2019), Evaluating the updip extent of large megathrust ruptures using Pcoda levels, Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 5198-5206, PDF, Supp. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL082774.

 

332. Ye, L., T. Lay, H. Kanamori, and K. D. Koper (2019), Reply to comment by Rodrigo Cienfuegos on “Rapidly estimated seismic source parameters for the 16 September 2015 Illapel, Chile, Mw 8.3 earthquake” by Lingling Ye, Thorne Lay, Hiroo Kanamori and Keith D. Koper, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 176, 2753, PDF, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-019-02214-3.

 

333. Kanamori, H., L. Rivera, L. Ye, T. Lay, S. Murotani, and K. Tsumura (2019), New constraints on the 1922 Atacama, Chile, earthquake from historical seismograms, Geophysical Journal International, in press. PDF

 

334. Dascher-Cousineau, K., E. E. Brodsky, and T. Lay (2019). What controls variation in aftershock productivity?, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, submitted.

 

335. Lay, T., C. Liu, and H. Kanamori (2019). Enhancing tsunami warning using P wave coda, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, submitted.

 

336. Romano, F., S. Lorito, T. Lay, A. Piatanesi, M. Volpe, S. Murphy, and R. Tonini (2019), Reappraisal of the MW 8.8 2010 Maule (Chile) earthquake slip distribution by Optimal Time Alignment (OTA) of tsunami waveforms in nonlinear joint inversion, Pure and Applied Geophysics, to be submitted.

 

 

Other Significant Scientific Publications (Available from T. Lay upon request)

 

1.      Burdick, L.J., D.M. Cole, D.V. Helmberger, T. Lay and T. Wallace (1982).  Effective source functions from local surface measurements, Woodward-Clyde Consultants Final Technical Report WCCP-R-82-01, 150 pp.

 

2.      Burdick, L.J., S. Grand, D.V. Helmberger, T. Lay and J. Rial (1983).  Remote sensing of attenuation bias using SS, Woodward-Clyde Consultants Final Technical Report WCCP-R-83-01, 158 pp.

 

3.      Hartzell, S.H., L.J. Burdick, and T. Lay (1983).  Effective source functions for Pahute Mesa nuclear tests, Woodward-Clyde Consultants Final Technical Report WCCP-R-83-03, 45 pp.

 

4.      Lay, T. (1983).  Analysis of upper and lower mantle structure using shear waves.  Ph.D. Thesis, California Institute of Technology, 354 pp., University Microfilms.

 

5.      Lay, T., L.J. Burdick, D.V. Helmberger and C. Arvesen (1984).  Estimating seismic yield and defining distinct test sites using complete waveform informaiton, Final Technical Report, WCCP-R-84-01, Woodward-Clyde Consultants, Pasadena, 256 pp.

 

6.      Burdick, L.J., T. Lay, D.V. Helmberger and D.G. Harkrider (1984).  Implications of records from the spall zone of the Amchitka tests to nonlinear loses in the source region and to elastic radiation by spall.  Woodward-Clyde Consultants Final Technical Report WCCP-R-84-03, 40 pp.

 

7.      Lay, T., C.G. Arvesen, R.W. Burger and L.J. Burdick (1984).  Estimating seismic yield and defining distinct tests sites using complete waveform information, Woodward-Clyde Consultants Semi-Annual Technical Report WCCP-R-84-04, 130 pp.

 

8.      Burger, R.W., T. Lay, C.G. Arvesen and L.J. Burdick (1985).  Estimating seismic yield, pP parameters and tectonic release characteristics at the Novaya Zemlya test site, Woodward-Clyde Consultants Final Technical Report WCCP-R-85-03, 144 pp.

 

9.      Lay, T., C. Lynnes and L. Ruff (1985).  Analysis of teleseismic P-wave amplitude and coda variations for underground explosions at U.S. and Soviet test sites, Proceedings 7th Annual DARPA/AFGL Seismic Research Symposium, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Hanscom AFB, MA, 333-361.

 

10.    Lay, T., C.S. Lynnes and J. Welc (1986).  Analysis of teleseismic P-wave amplitude and coda variations for underground explosions at U.S. and Soviet test sites, Scientific Report, UM-R-86-01, University of Michigan, 222 pp.

 

11.    Barker, J.S., R.W. Burger, L.J. Burdick and T. Lay (1986).  Inversion for source parameters of underground nuclear explosions with implications for yield estimation, Scientific Report, AFGL-TR-86-0142, Woodward-Clyde Consultants, Pasadena, 130 pp.

 

12.    Lay, T., C.S. Lynnes and J. Welc (1986). Analysis of teleseismic P-wave amplitude and coda variations for underground explosions at U.S. and Soviet test sites, Final Technical Report, UM-TR-86-02, 170 pp.

 

13.    Lay, T., C.S. Lynnes and J. Welc (1986).  Analysis of teleseismic P -wave amplitude and coda variations for underground explosions, Proceedings 8th Annual DARPA/AFGL Seismic Research Symposium, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Hanscom AFB, MA, 167-174.

 

14.    Lay, T. and C.S. Lynnes (1987).  Analysis of teleseismic P-wave amplitude and coda variations for underground explosions, Proceedings 9th Annual DARPA/AFGL Seismic Research Symposium, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Hanscom AFB, MA, 28-33.

 

15.    Pollack, H.N., D.H. Christensen, T. Lay, S.Y. Schwartz (1987).  Geophysical investigations of the Western Ohio-Indiana Region, Final Report, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 62 pp.

 

16.    Schwartz, S.Y., D.H. Christensen, T. Lay and B.P. Cohee (1987).  Geophysical investigations of the western Ohio-Indiana Region, Annual Report, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 80 pp.

 

17.    Lay, T., C.S. Lynnes and B.P. Cohee (1988).  Analysis of teleseismic P-wave amplitude and coda variations for underground explosions, Proceedings 10th Annual DARPA/AFGL Seismic Research Symposium, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Hanscom AFB, MA, 145-157.

 

18.    Schwartz, S.Y., T. Lay and C.S. Young (1988).  Geophysical investigations of the Western Ohio-Indiana Region.  Annual Report, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 80 pp.

 

19.    Lay, T., C.S. Lynnes and B.P. Cohee (1989).  Analysis of teleseismic P-wave amplitude and coda variations for underground explosions, Final Technical Report, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, 115 pp.

 

20.    Lay, T., C.S. Lynnes (1989).  Near-source contributions to teleseismic P-wave coda and regional phases, Proceedings 11th Annual DARPA/AFGL Seismic Research Symposium, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Hanscom AFB, MA, 260-265.

 

21.    Lay, T. (1989).  The teleseismic manifestation of pP:  Problems and Paradoxes.  Proceedings of DOE/LLNL Symposium on Explosion-Source Phenomenology, 105-113.

 

22.    Young, C.S., T. Lay and J. Jacobson (1989).  Geophysical investigations of the western Ohio-Indiana Region.  Annual Report, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 21 pp.

 

23.    Lay, T. (1990).  Near-source contributions to teleseismic P wave coda and regional phases, Proceedings 12th Annual DARPA/GL Seismic Research Symposium, Geophysics Laboratory, Hanscom AFB, MA, 112-122.

 

24.    Wallace, T. C., A. Velasco, J. Zhang, and T. Lay (1991).  A broadband seismological investigation of the 1989 Loma Prieta, California Earthquake:  Evidence for deep slow slip?,  Final Technical Report, U.S. Geological Survey, 34 pp.

 

25.    Lay, T. (1991).  Near-source contributions to teleseismic P wave coda and regional phases, Final Technical Report, Phillips Laboratory, Hanscom AFB, MA, 120 pp.

 

26.    Lay, T. (1991).  The slab penetration controversy, Proceedings of the Caltech Plume Symposium, 4 pp.

 

27.    Lay, T. (1991).  Yield estimation, free-surface interactions and tectonic release at Novaya Zemlya.  Proceedings of  13th Annual PL/Darpa Seismic Research Symposium, Phillips Lab, Hanscom, AFB, MA, 01731, 22-34.

 

28.    Schwartz, S. Y., and Lay, T. (1991).  Analysis of the effects of Eurasian crustal and upper mantle structure on regional phases using broadband seismic data:  Initial Phase,  Proceedings of 13th Annual PL/Darpa Seismic Research Symposium, Phillips Lab, Hanscom, AFB, MA, 01731, 417-423.

 

29.    Schwartz, S. Y., and Lay, T. (1991).  Analysis of the effects of Eurasian crustal and upper mantle structure on regional phases using broadband seismic data, Scientific Report #1, Phillips Lab, Hanscom, AFB, MA, 01731, 42 pp.

 

30.    Lay, T., X. Xie and T. Zhang (1992).  Lg propagation in Eurasia.  Proceedings of  14th Annual PL/Darpa Seismic Research Symposium, Phillips Lab, Hanscom, AFB, MA, 01731, 274-281.

 

31.    Schwartz, S. Y., and Lay, T. (1992).  Analysis of the effects of Eurasian crustal and upper mantle structure on regional phases using broadband seismic data,  Proceedings of 14th Annual PL/Darpa Seismic Research Symposium, Phillips Lab, Hanscom, AFB, MA, 01731, 369-374.

 

32.    Lay, T. (1993).  New initiative in studies of earth's deep interior, EOS, Trans. AGU, 74, 187-188.

 

33.    U.S. SEDI Coordinating Committee (1993).  CSEDI Science Plan, 100pp.

 

34.    Schwartz, S. Y., and Lay, T. (1993).  Analysis of the effects of Eurasian crustal and upper mantle structure on regional phases using broadband seismic data,  Final Technical Report, Phillips Lab, Hanscom, AFB MA, 01731, 90pp.

 

35.    Lay, T., X. Xie and T. Zhang (1993).  Lg propagation in Eurasia.  Proceedings of  15th Annual AFOSR/PL/Darpa Seismic Research Symposium, Phillips Lab, Hanscom, AFB, MA, 01731, 234-240.

 

36.    Lay, T., and R.-S. Wu (1993).  Analysis of 3D complex structure and heterogeneity effects on formation and propagation of regional phases in Eurasia.  Proceedings of  15th Annual AFOSR/PL/Darpa Seismic Research Symposium, Phillips Lab, Hanscom, AFB, MA, 01731, 241-247.

 

37.    Lay, T. (1993).  Researchers cut to Earth's core. Geotimes, June, 7-9.

 

38.    Lay, T. (1993).  New initiative in studies of Earth's deep interior. GSA Today, 3, 193.

 

39.    Lay, T., R.-S. Wu, and Y.-B. Liu (1993).  Analysis of 3D complex structure and heterogeneity effects on formation and propagation of regional phases in Eurasia, Annual Technical Report, Phillips Lab, Hanscom AFB, MA 01731, 74 pp.

 

40.    Lay, T. (1993).  Book Review "Physics of the Earth, 3rd Edition, by Frank Stacey", Physics Today, November, 88-89.

 

41.    Lay, T., X. Xie, and T. Zhang (1994).  Lg propagation in Eurasia. Final Technical Report, Advanced Research Projects Agency, 170pp.

 

42.    Lay, T., and T. Zhang (1994). Calibration of regional wave discriminants in diverse geological environments:  Topographic correlations, Proceedings of 16th Annual Phillips Laboratory/AFOSR Seismic Research Symposium, Phillips Lab, Hanscom AFB, MA, 01731, 224-230.

 

43.    Wu, R.-S., and T. Lay (1994). Modeling elastic wave propagation in 3D heterogeneous media by elastic complex-screen (ECS) method, Proceedings of 16th Annual Phillips Laboratory/AFOSR Seismic Research Symposium, Phillips Lab, Hanscom AFB, MA, 01731, 379-385.

 

44.    Lay, T. (1994).  Book Review "Fundamentals of Earthquake Prediction, by Cinna Lomnitz", Science, 265, 1900.

 

45.    Loper, D., and T. Lay (1994). Great problems of the Earth discussed at symposium, EOS, 75, 406.

 

46.    Stacey, F. D., and T. Lay (1994).  Deep Earth discontinuities: Configurations and dynamics, Deep Earth Dialog, 8, 11-12.

 

47.    Lay, T., and R.-S. Wu (1994).  Analysis of 3D complex structure and heterogeneity effects on formation and propagation of regional phases in Eurasia, Final Technical Report, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, 66pp.

 

48.    Lay, T., and T.-R. Zhang (1994).  Calibration of regional wave discriminatns in diverse geological environments: Topographic correlations, Annual Technical Report, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, 56 pp.

 

49.    T.-R. Zhang, and T. Lay (1995).  Calibration of regional wave discriminants in diverse geological environments: Topographic Correlations, Proceedings of 17th Annual Phillips Laboratory/DOE/AFOSR Seismic Research Symposium, Phillips Lab, Hanscom AFB, MA, 01731, 148-156, PL-TR-95-2108.

 

50.  Wu, R.-S., T. Lay, X.-B. Xie and L.-J. Huang (1995).  Synthetic seismograms in heterogeneous media and study of formation and propagation of regional phases, Proceedings of 17th Annual Phillips Laboratory/DOE/AFOSR Seismic Research Symposium, Phillips Lab, Hanscom AFB, MA, 10731, 531-538, PL-TR-95-2108.

 

51. Zhang, J., K. Kuge, T. Lay, and S. Tsuboi (1995).  Source mechanism of the January 17, 1994, Northridge Earthquake from short-period surface waves, USGS/NSF Special Report on the 1994 Northridge Earthquake.

 

52.  Lay, T. (1995).  Rapid Quantification of earthquake faulting in the Western U.S., USGS NEHRP Annual Project Summaries: XXXVI, Open-File Report No. 95-210, 526-533.

 

53.  Active Tectonics Planning Committee (1996).  Active Tectonics and Society:  A Plan for Integrative Science, National Science Foundation,  56pp.

 

54. Lay, T. (1996).  Calibration of regional wave discriminants in diverse geological environments:  Topographic correlations, Proceedings of the 18th annual seismic research symposium on monitoring a comprehensive test ban treaty, 4-6 September, 1996, Phillips Lab, Hanscom AFB, MA, 209-218, PL-TR-96-2153.

 

55.  Lay, T., G. Fan, and A. Rodgers (1996).  Crustal waveguide effects on regional phases in China and Southeast Asia, Proceedings of the 18th annual seismic research symposium on monitoring a comprehensive test ban treaty, 4-6 September, 1996, Phillips Lab, Hanscom AFB, MA, 565-573, PL-TR-96-2153.

 

56.  Wu, R.-S., X. Chen and T. Lay (1996). Modeling the effects of surface topography on Lg wave propagation by a hybrid method, Proceedings of the 18th annual seismic research symposium on monitoring a comprehensive test ban treaty, 4-6 September, 1996, Phillips Lab, Hanscom AFB, MA, 281-290, PL-TR-96-2153.

 

57.  Lay, T., G. Fan, and A. Rodgers (1997).  Crustal waveguide effects on regional phases in China and Southeast Asia, Scientific Report #1, Phillips Lab, Hanscom AFB, MA, PL-TR-97-2028, 172pp.

 

58.  Lay, T., and G. Fan (1997).  Crustal waveguide effects on regional phases in China and Southeast Asia, Proceedings of the 19th annual seismic research symposium on monitoring a comprehensive test ban treaty, 23-25 September, 1997, Defense Special Weapons Agency, 57-66.

 

59.  Wu, R.-S., S. Jin, X.-Bi Xie, and T. Lay (1997).  Verification and applications of GSP (Generalized Screen Propagators) method for regional wave propagation, Proceedings of the 19th annual seismic research symposium on monitoring a comprehensive test ban treaty, 23-25 September, 1997, Defense Special Weapons Agency, 552-561.

 

60.    Wu, R. S., T. Lay, X. B. Xie, and X. F. Chen (1997).  Surface topography effects on Lg wave propagation in heterogeneous crustal waveguides, Scientific Report No. 1, Phillips Lab, Hanscom AFB, MA, PL-TR-97-2009, 36pp.

 

61.    Lay, T (1997).  Calibration of regional wave discriminants in diverse geological environments: Topographic correlations, Final Technical Report, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, 43 pp.

 

62.  Lay, T. (1997).  Waveguide effects on regional seismic phase amplitudes, Proceedings of the International Monitoring System Event Screening Workshop, Beijing, China, 32 pp.

 

63.  Rodgers, A., W. Walter, and T. Lay (1997). Calibration of distance and path effects on regional P/S discriminants at station ABKT (Alibek, Turkmenistan): azimuthal sector regionalization, LLNL, UCRL-JC-128318.

 

64.  Rodgers, A., T. Lay, G. Fan, and W. Walter (1997). Calibration of distance and path effects on regional P/S discriminants at station ABKT (Alibek, Turkmenistan): statistical analysis of crustal waveguide effects, LLNL, UCRL-JC-129165.

 

65. Lay, T., G. Fan, and A. Rodgers (1997). Crustal waveguide effects on regional phases in China and Southeast Asia, Final Technical Report, Phillips Laboratory, PL-TR-97-2163, 148 pp.

 

66. Lay, T. (1998). The comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty and seismological research, Seismol. Res. Lett., 69, 3-5.

 

67.  Wu, R.-S., S. Jin, X.B. Xie and T. Lay (1998). Synthetic seismograms in heterogeneous elastic waveguides and applications in investigating Lg-wave propagation, Final Technical Report, AFOSR, 45pp.

 

68.  Rodgers, A. J., W. R. Walter, C. A. Schultz, S. C. Myers, and T. Lay (1998). A comparison of methodologies for representing path effects on regional P/S discriminants, LLNL, UCRL-JC-131035.

 

69.    Wu, R.-S., X. B. Xie, S. Jin, L. Fu and T. Lay (1998). Seismic wave propagation and scattering in heterogeneous crustal waveguides using screen propagators, Proceedings of the 20th Annual Seismic Research Symposium on Monitoring a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), Department of Defense, Nuclear Treaty Programs, 213-222.

 

70. Wu, R.-S., T. Lay, X. B. Xie, L. Fu, S. Jin, and X. F. Chen (1998). Study of surface effects on Lg wave propagation in heterogeneous crusts by a GS-BE hybrid method, Final Report, Air Force Research Laboratory, AFRL-VS-HA-TR-98-0069, 54pp.

 

71. Lay, T. (1999). Book review of “The Earth’s Mantle”, Seismol. Res. Lett., 70, 438-439. PDF

 

72. Lay, T. (1999). Book review of “Theoretical Global Seismology”, Physics Today, August, 61-62. PDF

 

73. Lay, T., G. Fan, R.-S. Wu, and X.-B. Xie (1999). Path corrections for regional phase discriminants, Proceedings of the 21st Annual Seismic Research Symposium: Technologies for Monitoring the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, Department of Defense, Nuclear Treaty Programs, 510-519.

 

74. Lay, T., G. Fan and J. Zhang (2000). Path corrections for regional phase discriminants, Proceedings of the 22nd Annual DoD/DOE Seismic Research Symposium: Planning for Verification of and Compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), 211-218.

 

75. Lay, T., and G. Fan (2001).  Improving discriminants for source identification, Proceedings of the 23rd Seismic Research Review: Worldwide Monitoring of Nuclear Explosions, DTRA, LA-UR-01-4454, 529-539.

 

76. Lay, T., G. Fan, J. Zhang (2001). Path corrections for regional phase discriminants, Final Technical Report, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, DTRA01-98-C-0161, 56 pp.

 

77. Lay, T., and G. Fan (2002). Improving discriminants for source identification, Proceedings of the 24th Seismic Research Review – Nuclear Explosion Monitoring: Innovation and Integration, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, LA-UR-02-5048, 86-95.

 

78. Wu, R., X. Xie, X. Wu, and T. Lay (2002).  Quantifying source excitation and path effects for high-frequency regional waves, Proceedings of the 24th Seismic Research Review – Nuclear Explosion Monitoring: Innovation and Integration, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, LA-UR-02-5048, 209-218.

 

79. Lay, T., J. Berger, R. Buland, R. Butler, G. Ekstrom, B. Hutt, and B. Romanowicz (2002).  Global Seismic Network Design Goals Update 2002, Final Report of the GSN Design Goals Subcommittee, Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology, 9 pp.

 

80. Lay, T., and G. Fan (2002).  Improving discriminants for source identification, Annual Technical Report, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, 38 pp.

 

81. Lay, T., and G. Fan (2003). Improving discriminants for source identification, Final Technical Report, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, 90 pp.

 

82. Lay, T. (2003) Book Review of “Quantitative Seismology”, EOS, 84(21), May 27, 2003, 202. PDF

 

83. Wu, R.-S., X.-B. Xie, Z. Ge, X. Wu, and T. Lay (2003). Quantifying source excitation and path effects for high frequency regional waves, Proceedings of the 25th Seismic Research Review, xxx-xxx.

 

84. Lay, T. (2004). Book review of “Living on an Active Earth: Perspectives on Earthquake Sciences”, EOS, 85(5), 51.

 

85. Wu, R.-S., X.-B. Xie, Z. Ge, and T. Lay (2004). Quantifying source excitation and path effects for high frequency regional waves, Proceedings of the 26th Seismic Research Review, 191-201.

 

86. Wu, R.-S., X.-B. Xie, and T. Lay (2004). Quantifying source excitation and path effects for high frequency regional waves, Final Technical Report, Air Force Research Laboratory, pp. 58.

 

87. Wu, R-S., X.-B. Xie, and T. Lay (2005). High resolution/high fidelity seismic imaging and parameter estimation for geological structure and material characterization, Final Technical Report, Dept. Of Energy, DE-FG03-01ER15144, 80 pp.

 

88. Xie, X.-B., T. Lay, and R.-S. Wu (2005). Near source energy partitioning for regional waves in 2D and 3D models, contributions of S*-to-Lg and P-to-Lg scattering.  Proceedings of the 27th Seismic Research Review, 249-258.

 

89. Lay, T., X.-B. Xie, X. Yang, S. R. Taylor, and W. S. Phillips (2005).  Development of regional phase tomographic attenuation models for Eurasia, Proceedings of the 27th Seismic Research Review, 52-60. (Annual meeting of SRR).

 

90. Fisk, M. D., T. Lay, and S. Taylor (2005). Modeling and empirical research on energy partitioning of regional seismic phases used for explosion monitoring, Proceedings of the 27th Seismic Research Review, 539-549. (Annual meeting of SRR).

 

91. Lay, T. (2005). Statement from the Chair, 2005 IRIS at a Glance and IRIS 2005 Annual Report. Pg. 1.

 

92. Lay, T. (2006). When the sea comes ashore, Phi Kappa Phi Forum, Winter/Spring, 17-20.

 

93. Lay, T. (2006). The D region - Putative source of large mantle plumes: Recent developments, Mantle Plume website article. (http://www.mantleplumes.org).

 

94. Lay, T. (2006). In Memoriam: Jiajun Zhang 1946-2006, Seismologist and family man, Seism. Res. Lett., 77, 356-357.

 

95.  Lay, T., X. Yang, X.-B. Xie, S. R. Taylor, and M. D. Arrowsmith (2006). Development of regional phase tomographic attenuation models for Eurasia. Proceedings of the 28th Seismic Research Review, Vol. I., 71-81. (Annual meeting of SRR).

 

96. Fisk, M. D., T. Lay, and S. R. Taylor (2006).  Modeling and empirical research on energy partitioning of regional seismic phases used for explosion monitoring. Proceedings of the 28th Seismic Research Review, Vol. I, 580-589. (Annual meeting of SRR).

 

97. Xie, X.-B., T. Lay, R.-S. Wu, and Y. He (2006). Near source energy partitioning for regional waves in 2D and 3D models: Contributions of free surface scattering. Proceedings of the 28th Seismic Research Review, Vol. I., 304-314. (Annual meeting of SRR).

 

98. Lay, T. (2006). Book Review: Great Tsunami 24 December 2004 Sumatra Region, EOS, 87, 586. PDF

 

99. Lay, T. (2006). Statement from the Chair, 2006 IRIS at a Glance and IRIS 2006 Annual Report. Pg. 1.

 

100. Ammon, C. J., and T. Lay (2007). Observed P-wave amplitude variations from the North Korean nuclear test, Research Note for AFTAC Panel. (SRP Panel March, 2007).

 

101.  Lay, T., X.-B. Xie, X. Yang, and M. D. Arrowsmith (2007). Development of regional phase tomographic attenuation models for Eurasia. Proceedings of the 29th Monitoring Research Review, Vol. 1, 100-110. (Annual meeting of MRR).

 

102.  Xie, X.-B., T. Lay, R.-S. Wu, and Y. He (2007). Near source energy partitioning for regional waves in 2D and 3D models, contributions of free surface scattering. Proceedings of the 29th Monitoring Research Review, Vol. 1., 322-332. (Annual meeting of MRR).

 

103.  Lay, T., and C. J. Ammon (2007). USArray and detection of underground nuclear tests, EarthScope onsite newsletter, summer, 2007, pp. 1-2.

 

104.  Lay, T. (2007). Statement from the Chair, 2007 IRIS at a Glance and IRIS 2007 Annual Report. Pg. 1.

 

105.  Lay, T. (2008). Is bigger really better?, Seismol. Res. Let., 79, 5-6.

 

106.  Antoun, T., D. Harris, T. Lay, S. C. Myers, M. E. Pasyanos, P. Richards, A. J. Rodgers, W. R. Walter and J. J. Zucca (2008). The prospect of using three-dimensional models to improve nuclear explosion monitoring and ground motion hazard assessment, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, LLNL-TR-4013212.

 

107. Lay, T., and A. Seiden (2008). Obituary: Stanley Flatté, Phys. Today, April, p. 80. PDF

 

108. Fisk, M. D., S. R. Taylor, T. Lay, and X.-B. Xie (2008). Analysis and modeling of regional seismic phases at nuclear test sites: Implications for P/S discrimination, Final Technical Report, DE-AC52-04NA25536, 109 pp.

 

109. Xie, X.-B., T. Lay, and R.-S. Wu (2008), Near source energy partitioning for regional waves is 2D and 3D models: Effects from near source scattering, Final Technical Report, Air Force Researc Laboratory, 59 pp.

 

110.  Ammon, C. J., and T. Lay (2008), New data products at the DMC: Animations of the seismic wavefield from USArray data, IRIS 2008 Annual Report, pp. 16-18.

 

111. Lay, T., X.-B. Xie, X. Yang, and M. D. Arrowsmith (2008). Development of regional phase tomographic attenuation models for Eurasia. Proceedings of the 2008 Monitoring Research Review, Vol. 1, 100-110. (Annual meeting of MRR).

 

112. Lay, T., X.-B. Xie, X. Yang, and M. D. Arrowsmith (2009). Development of regional phase tomographic attenuation models for Eurasia. Proceedings of the 2009 Monitoring Research Review, Vol. 1, 101-110. (Annual meeting of MRR).

 

113. Lay, T., X.-B. Xie, X. Yang, and M. D. Arrowsmith (2010). Development of regional phase tomographic attenuation models for Eurasia. Final Technical Report, Air Force Research Laboratory, 99 pp.

 

114. Hayes, G., H. Kanamori, T. Lay, and C. J. Ammon (2011). The GSN and large earthquakes, IRIS Annual Report 2010, IRIS, pp. 8-9.

 

115. Lay, T., M. Avants, X.-b. Xie, and A. J. Rodgers (2011). Effects of 3D surface topography on regional and teleseismic signals from underground explosions. Proceedings of the 2011 Monitoring Research Review, Vo1. 1, xxx-xxx. (Annual meeting of MRR).

 

116. Lay, T. (2012). 10,000 Years: How common are Megquakes?, in Experiments scientists would do if they lived indefinitely, edited by D. Castelvecchi, Scientific American, Sept. 2012.

 

117. Lay, T., M. Avants, X.-b. Xie, and A. J. Rodgers (2012). Effects of 3D surface topography on regional and teleseismic signals from underground explosions. Proceedings of the 2011 Monitoring Research Review, Vo1. 1, 419-427. (Annual meeting of MRR).

 

118. Lay, T., X.-B. Xie, and X. Yang (2013). Toward unified correction of regional phases for amplitude and travel time effects of heterogeneous structure, Technical Interchange Meeting for the Air Force Research Laboratory Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Program. Presentation on CDROM. (Annual Meeting Albuquerque, NM).

 

119. Lay, T., X.-B. XIe, M. Avants, and A. J. Rodgers (2013). Effects of 3D surface topography on regional and teleseismic signals from underground explosions, Technical Interchange Meeting for the Air Force Research Laboratory Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Program. Presentation on CDROM. (Annual Meeting Albuquerque, NM).

 

120. Lay, T., M. Avants, X.-B. Xie, and A. J. Rodgers (2013). Effects of 3D Surface Topography on Regional and Teleseismic Signals from Underground Explosions, Annual Report No. 3., Air Force Research Laboratory, AFRL-RV-HA-TR-2013-0001, 17 pp.

 

121.  Berryman, K., L. Wallace, G. Hayes, P. Bird, K. Wang, T. Lay, R. Stein, T. Sagiya, R. Basilli, C. Rubin, S. Barrientos, C. Kreemer, N. Litchfield, M. Pagani, K. Gledhill, K. Haller, C. Costa (2014), The GEM Faulted Earth Subduction Characterisation Project, Report.

 

122. Lay, T., X.-B. Xie, and X. Yang (2014). Toward Unified Correction of Regional Phases for Amplitude and Travel Time Effects of Heterogeneous Structure, Annual Report No. 2., Air Force Research Laboratory, AFRL-RV-HA-TR-2014-0001, 32 pp.

 

123. Lay, T., M. Avants, X.-B. Xie, and A. J. Rodgers (2014). Effects of 3D Surface Topography on Regional and Teleseismic Signals from Underground Explosions, Annual Report No. 3., Air Force Research Laboratory, AFRL-RV-HA-TR-2014-0001, 79 pp.

 

124. Lay, T., M. Avants, X.-B. Xie, and A. J. Rodgers (2015). Effects of 3D Surface Topography on Regional and Teleseismic Signals from Underground Explosions, Final Report, Air Force Research Laboratory, AFRL-RV-PS-TR-2015-0034, 125 pp.

 

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