JAMES ZACHOS:  PUBLICATIONS – Data can be downloaded from the following data base centers: NOAA-NCDC,  PANGAEA, or BCO-DMO

(For a list of LECTURES)

1985, 1986, 19871989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001,
2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017,  2018,  2019, 2020, 2021


    Shepherd, C.L, D.K. Kulhanek, C. J. Hollis, H.E.G. Morgans, C. P. Strong, K.M. Pascher, J. C. Zachos, 2021, Calcareous nannoplankton response to early Eocene warmth, Southwest Pacific Ocean. Mar. Micropaleo., [PDF]

    Kitch, G.D., A.D. Jacobson, D.T. Harper, M.T. Hurtgen, B.D. Sageman, J.C. Zachos, 2021, Calcium isotope composition of Morozovella over the late Paleocene–early Eocene, Geology. [PDF]

    Rush, W.D., J.T. Kiehl, C.A. Shields, J.C. Zachos, 2021, Increased frequency of extreme precipitation events in the North Atlantic during the PETM: Observations and Theory, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. V.568. DOI:10.1016/j.palaeo.2021.110289 [PDF]


    Bralower, T. J Cosmidis, PJ Heaney, LR Kump, JV Morgan, DT Harper, S L Lyons, KH Freeman, K Grice, JE Wendler, J C Zachos, N Artemieva, SA Chen, SPS Gulick, CH House, HL Jones, CM Lowery, C Nims, B Schaefer, E Thomas, V Vajda, 2020, The habitat of the nascent Chicxulub crater. AGU Advances, DOI:10.1029/2020AV000208 [PDF]

    Westerhold, T., N Marwan, AJ Drury, D Liebrand, C Agnini, E Anagnostou, JSK Barnet, SM Bohaty, D Vleeschouwer, F Florindo, T Frederichs, DA Hodell, AE Holbourn, D Kroon, V Lauretano, K Littler, LJ Lourens, M Lyle, H Pälike, U Röhl, J Tian, RH Wilkens, PA Wilson, JC Zachos, 2020, An astronomically dated record of Earth’s climate and its predictability over the last 66 Million Years, Science, v. 369, Issue 6509, pp. 1383-1387. DOI: 10.1126/science.aba6853. [PDF}[SOM]

    Li, J., X. Hua, J. C. Zachos, E. Garzantic, M. B. Dagher-Fade, 2020, Sea level, biotic and carbon-isotope response to the Paleocene–Eocene thermal maximum in Tibetan Hmalayan platform carbonates. Global Planetary Change, v.194,

    Cramwinkel, M., H. K. Coxall, K. K. Śliwińska, M.Polling, D. T. Harper, P. K. Bijl, H. Brinkhuis, J. S. Eldrett, A.J. P. Houben, F.Peterse, S. Schouten, G.-J. Reichart1, J. C. Zachos, and A. Sluijs. 2020, A warm, stratified, and restricted Labrador Sea across the middle Eocene and its Climatic Optimum, Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology,  doi: 10.1029/2020PA003932  [PDF]

    Bralower, T. et al. 2020, Origin of a global micrite layer in the immediate aftermath of the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary impact, Frontiers, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 548, [PDF]

    Blackburn,T., G. H. Edwards, S. Tulaczyk, M. Scudder, G. Piccione, B. Hallet, N. McLean, J. C. Zachos, B. Cheney & J. T. Babbe, 2020, Ice retreat in Wilkes Basin of East Antarctica during a warm interglacial. Nature v.583, p. 554–559. [PDF]

    Barnet, J.S., D. T. Harper, L. J. LeVay, K. M. Edgar, M. J. Henehan, T. L. Babila, C. V. Ullmann, M/ J. Lengh, D. Kroon., J.C. Zachos, K. Littler, 2020, Coupled evolution of temperature and carbonate chemistry during the Paleocene-Eocene; new trace element records from the low latitude Indian Ocean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, V. 545, p.116414, [PDF]

    Kozdon, R., D. E. Penman,  D. C. Kelly,  J. C. Zachos,  J. H. Fournelle,  J. W. Valley, 2020, Enhanced Poleward Flux of Atmospheric Moisture to the Weddell Sea Region (ODP Site 690) during the PaleoceneEocene Thermal Maximum, Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, [PDF]

    Hull, P., André Bornemann, D.E Penman, M. J Henehan, R. D Norris, P. A Wilson, P. Blum, L Alegret, S. J Batenburg, P R Bown, T. J Bralower, C. Cournede, A. Deutsch, B. Donner, O. Friedrich, S Jehle, H Kim, D Kroon, P C Lippert, D Loroch, I Moebius, K Moriya, D J Peppe, G E Ravizza, U Röhl, J D Schueth, J Sepúlveda, P F Sexton, E C Sibert, K K Śliwińska, R E Summons, E. Thomas, T. Westerhold, J. H Whiteside, T Yamaguchi, J.C. Zachos. 2020, Science 367 (6475), 266-272 [PDF]


    Harper, D.T., B Hönisch, R Zeebe, G. Shaffer, L. Haynes, E. Thomas, J.C. Zachos, 2019, The magnitude of surface ocean acidification and carbon release during Eocene Thermal Maximum 2 (ETM2) and the Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM). Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, v.35, issue 2, [PDF]

    Hupp, B.N., Kelly, D.C., Zachos, J.C., and Bralower, T.J., 2019, Effects of size-dependent sediment mixing on deep-sea records of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum: Geology, https:// doi .org /10 .1130 /G46042.1. [PDF]

    Hollis C., et al., 2019, The DeepMIP contribution to PMIP4: methodologies for selection, compilation and analysis of latest Paleocene and early Eocene climate proxy data, incorporating version 0.1 of the DeepMIP database. Geoscientific Model Development, v. 12, 3149-3206, DOI: 10.5194/gmd-12-3149-2019

    Barnet, J. S.K., Littler,K.,Westerhold, T.,Kroon, D., Leng, M. J., Bailey, I., Rohl, U., & Zachos, J.C.  2019. A highFidelity benthic stable isotope record of late Cretaceous–early Eocene climate change and carboncycling. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 34. [PDF]{supplemental]

    Lyons, S. L., Baczynski, A. A., Babila, T. L., Bralower, T. J., Hajek, E. A., Kump, L. R., Polites, E. G., Self-Trail, J. M., Trampush, S. M., Vornlocher, J. R., Zachos, J. C., and Freeman, K. H., 2019, Palaeocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum prolonged by fossil carbon oxidation: Nature Geoscience, v. 12, no. 1, p. 54-60. DOI10.1038/s41561-018-0277-3. [PDF]


    Penman, D. and J.C. Zachos, 2018, New constraints on massive carbon release and recovery processes during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Environ. Res. Lett. v.13, 105008, [PDF]

    Bralower, T.J.,  L. R. Kump, J. M. SelfTrail, M. M. Robinson, S. Lyons, Tali Babila, E. Ballaron, K. H. Freeman, E. Hajek, W. Rush, J. C. Zachos, 2018, Evidence for Shelf Acidification during the Onset of the PaleoceneEocene Thermal Maximum. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatologydoi: 10.1029/2018PA003382

    Lauretano, V., J. C. Zachos, L. J. Lourens, 2018, Orbitally Paced Carbon and Deep-Sea Temperature Changes at the Peak of the Early Eocene Climatic Optimum. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, v.33. [PDF]

    Foster, G.L., P. Hull, D.J.  Lunt, J. C. Zachos, 2018, Introduction: Placing our current ‘hyperthermal’ in the context of rapid climate change in our geological past. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A. v. 376, n. 2130, DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0072 [PDF]

    Babila, T., D. E. Penman, B. Hönisch, D. C. Kelly, T. J. Bralower, Y. Rosenthal and J. C. Zachos, 2018, Capturing the global signature of surface ocean acidification during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A., v. 376, n. 2130, DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0072 [PDF]

    Kiehl, J.T., C.A Shields, M. A. Snyder, J. C Zachos and M. Rothstein, 2018, Greenhouse and Orbital Forced Climate Extremes during the Early Eocene, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, v. 376, n. 2130,  DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0085 [PDF]

    Evans, D., M.P.S. Badger, G.L.Foster. M.J. Henehan, C. Lear, J.C. Zachos, 2018, No Long-Term Bias in the Cenozoic Benthic Foraminifera Oxygen-Isotope Record. Nature Comm. v.9, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-05303-4  [PDF]

    Westerhold, T., U. Röhl, B. Donner, J.C. Zachos, 2018, Global Extent of Early Eocene Hyperthermal Events - a new Pacific Benthic Foraminiferal Isotope Record from Shatsky Rise (ODP Site 1209). Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, DOI: 10.1029/2017PA003306. [PDF]

    Coxall, H.K., Huck, C., M. Huber, C. H. Lear, A. Legarda-Lisarri, M. O’Regan, K. Sliwinska, T. van de Flierdt, A. M. de Boer, J. C. Zachos, J. Backman, 2018, Export of nutrient-rich Northern Component Water preceded early Oligocene Antarctic glaciation. Nature Geosciences; DOI:10.1038/s41561-018-0069-9 [PDF]

    Vahlenkamp, M., I. Niezgodzki, D. De Vleeschouwer, T. Bickert, D. Harper, S. Kirtland Turner, G. Lohmann, P. Sexton, J. C. Zachos, H. Pälike, 2018, Astronomically Paced Changes in Deep-Water Circulation in the Western North Atlantic during the Middle Eocene. Eart. Planet. Sci. Lett. Volume 484, 15 February 2018, Pages 329–340. [PDF]


    Barnet, J., Littler, K., D. Kroon, M. J. Leng, T. Westerhold, U. Röhl and J. C. Zachos, 2017, A new high-resolution chronology for the late Maastrichtian warming event: Establishing robust temporal links with the onset of Deccan volcanism.  Geology, DOI: [PDF]

    Harper, D.T., R. Zeebe, B. Hönisch, C. Schrader, L. J. Lourens, J.C. Zachos, 2017, Subtropical sea surface warming and increased salinity during Eocene Thermal Maximum 2. Geology, DOI: [PDF]

    Westerhold, T., U. Röhl, T. Frederichs, C. Agnini, I. Raffi, J.C. Zachos, and R.H. Wilkens, 2017, Astronomical calibration of the Ypresian timescale: implications for seafloor spreading rates and the chaotic behavior of the solar system? Clim. Past, 13, 1129-1152, [PDF]

    Tierney, J., J.S. Sinninghe Damsté, R. D. Pancost, A. Sluijs & J. C. Zachos, 2017, Eocene temperature gradients. Nature Geoscience, v.10, n.8, p. 538-539, doi:10.1038/ngeo2997 [PDF]

    Zeebe, R., T. Westerhold, K. Littler, J.C. Zachos, 2017, Orbital forcing of the Paleocene and Eocene carbon cycle. Paleoceanography, v.32 iss.5, p. 440-465, doi: 10.1002/2016PA003054 [PDF]

    Lunt, D.J.,  M. Huber, E. Anagnowtou, et al., 2017, The DeepMIP contribution to PMIP4: experimental design for model simulations of the EECO, PETM, and pre-PETM (version 1.0). Geoscientific Model Development, v. 10. [PDF]


    Penman, D.E., S. Kirtland Turner, P. F. Sexton, R. D. Norris, A. J. Dickson, S. Boulila, A. Ridgwell, R. E. Zeebe, J. C. Zachos, A. Cameron, T. Westerhold and U. Röhl, 2016, An abyssal carbonate compensation depth overshoot in the aftermath of the Palaeocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum.  Nat. Geoscience, v. 9, p.575-580, DOI: 10.1038/NGEO2757 [PDF]

    Abels, H.A., V. Lauretano, A. van Yperen, T. Hopman, J. C. Zachos, L. J. Lourens, P. D. Gingerich, and G. J. Bowen, 2016, Carbon isotope excursions in paleosol carbonate marking five early Eocene hyperthermals in the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, Clim. Past Discuss., 11, 1857-1885, doi:10.5194/cpd-11-1857–1885. [PDF]

    Zeebe, R., A. Ridgwell, J.C. Zachos, 2016, Anthropogenic carbon release rate unprecedented during past 66 million years. Nat. Geosci. v.9, DOI: 10.1038/NGEO2681 [PDF]

    Galeotti, S., R. DeConto, T. Naish, P. Stocchi, F. Florindo, M. Pagani, P. Barrett, S. M. Bohaty, L. Lanci, D. Pollard, S. Sandroni, F. Talarico, J. C. Zachos, 2016, Antarctic Ice-Sheet variability across the Eocene-Oligocene boundary climate transition.  Science, DOI: 10.1126/science.aab0669 [PDF]

    Lauretano, V., F. J. Hilgen, J. C. Zachos, and L. J. Lourens, 2016, Astronomically tuned age model for the early Eocene carbon isotope events: A new high-resolution δ13Cbenthic record of ODP Site 1263 between ~49 and ~54 Ma. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, v. 49/2, p.383–400 [PDF]


    Westerhold, T., U. Röhl, T. Frederichs, S. M. Bohaty, and J. C. Zachos, 2015, Astronomical calibration of the geological timescale: closing the middle Eocene gap. Clim. Past Discuss., 11, 1665-1699, 2015, [PDF]

    Lauretano, V., K. Littler , M. Polling , J. C. Zachos, and L. J. Lourens, 2015, Frequency, magnitude and character of hyperthermal events at the onset of the Early Eocene Climatic Optimum. Clim. Past Discuss., 11, 1795–1820, 2015 doi:10.5194/cpd-11-1795-2015. [PDF]

    Hollis, C.J., B. R. Hines, K. Littler, V. Villasante-Marcos, D. K. Kulhanek, C. P. Strong, J. C. Zachos, S. M. Eggins, L. Northcote, and A. Phillips, 2015, The Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum at DSDP Site 277, Campbell Plateau, southern Pacific Ocean. Clim. Past Discuss., 11, 243-278, 2015 [PDF]

    Galeotti, S. Moretti, M; Cappelli, C;Phillips, J; Lanci, L; Littler, K; Monechi, S; Petrizzo, MR; Silva, IP ; Zachos, JC. , 2015, The Bottaccione section at Gubbio, central Italy: a classical Paleocene Tethyan setting revisited. Newsletter on Stratigraphy,  v. 48, p. 325-339. DOI: 10.1127/nos/2015/0067 [PDF]

    Uchikawa, J., D. E. Penman, J. C. Zachos, R. E. Zeebe, 2015, Experimental evidence for kinetic effects on B/Ca in synthetic calcite: Implications for potential B(OH)4- and B(OH)3 incorporation. Geochim. et Cosmo. Acta 150: 171–191. [PDF]